Peanut agglutinin is a homotetrameric legume lectin. The crystal structure of peanut agglutinin shows that the four subunits associate in an unusual manner, giving rise to open quaternary structure [Banarjee, R., et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91, 227-231]. The thermal unfolding of peanut agglutinin has been characterized by differential scanning calorimetry and gel filtration to elucidate its thermal stability and its mode of oligomerization. The unfolding process is reversible and could be described by a three-state model with two transitions occurring at around 331 and 336 K. For the tetramer, the ratio of DeltaHc/DeltaHv for the first transition is close to 4 and for the second transition is close to 0.25, suggesting that 4 and 0.25 cooperative unit(s) of the tetramer are involved in the first and second transitions, respectively. The agreement between the model-independent DeltaHv(S) determined from the values of the temperatures of the peak maximum (Tp1) with the protein concentration with the values of DeltaHv obtained from the fit of the data to the transition confirms that the first peak is associated with the dissociation of peanut agglutinin tetramers (A4) to "folded" monomers (4A), whereas the second peak describes the unfolding (4U) of these monomers. The overall process for the thermal unfolding of peanut agglutinin could therefore be summarized as A4 <==> 4A <==> 4U. Gel filtration studies confirm this process, as peanut agglutinin elutes as a tetramer up to 50 degrees C, and at and above 56 degrees C (Tm of first transition), it elutes at a position commensurate with that of the folded monomer of peanut agglutinin. The unfolding behavior of peanut agglutinin in the presence of saturating amounts of carbohydrate ligands is similar to that observed for the unligated form. The temperature of maximal stability of the peanut agglutinin tetramer at pH 7.4 is calculated to be around 33 degrees C with a maximal free energy of stabilization of 8.70 kcal/mol. The results demonstrate that unfolding of peanut agglutinin goes through two distinct phases with folded monomer being the intermediate. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5598, 5599, 5600, 5601, 5602, 5603, 5604, 5605, 5606, 5607, 5608, 5609, 5610, 5611, 5612, 5613 Extra Details: the transition is from native to intermediate
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:30 p.m.
|Number of data points||34|
|Proteins||Galactose-binding lectin ; Galactose-binding lectin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dHcal pH:8.2 ; Experimental Assay: Tm pH:8.2, units:K ; Experimental Assay: dHcal pH:7.8 ; Experimental Assay: Tm units:K, pH:7.8 ; Experimental Assay: Tm pH:7.4, units:K ; Experimental Assay: dHcal pH:7.0 ; Experimental Assay: Tm units:K, pH:7.0 ; Experimental Assay: dHcal pH:6.5 ; Experimental Assay: Tm units:K, pH:6.5 ; Experimental Assay: dHcal pH:6.0 ; Experimental Assay: Tm pH:6.0, units:K ; Experimental Assay: dHcal pH:5.5 ; Experimental Assay: Tm pH:5.5, units:K ; Experimental Assay: dHcal pH:7.4 ; Experimental Assay: Tm units:°C, pH:7.4 ; Experimental Assay: dHvH|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence AETVSFNFNSFSEGNPAINFQGDVTVLSNGNIQLTNLNKVNSVGRVLYAMPVRIWSSATGNVASFLTSFSFEMKDIKDYDPADGIIFFIAPEDTQIPAGSIGGGTLGVSDTKGAGHFVGVEFDTYSNSEYNDPPTDHVGIDVNSVDSVKTVPWNSVSGAVVKVTVIYDSSTKTLSVAVTNDNGDITTIAQVVDLKAKLPERVKFGFSASGSLGGRQIHLIRSWSFTSTLITTTRRS|