Equilibrium and kinetic studies of the unfolding and autolysis of the two domain protein thermolysin in guanidine hydrochloride are described. Enzyme activity, circular dichroism, fluorescence, sedimentation, size exclusion chromatography, and viscosity measurements were used to monitor conformational transitions and characterize the native and denatured states. The observation of biphasic transitions for the unfolding of apothermolysin and the spectroscopic changes associated with each phase of the overall unfolding process suggest unfolding of the N-terminal domain at less than 1 M guanidine hydrochloride, followed by the unfolding of the C-terminal domain, with the transition midpoint at 3 M guanidine hydrochloride. The refolding of the C-terminal domain is reversible; however, refolding of the N-terminal domain could not be demonstrated owing to protein aggregation. A quantitative analysis of the two transitions suggest that the unfolding of the two structural domains of thermolysin is not completely independent. Attempts to measure the unfolding of holothermolysin were hampered by autolysis. However, it was possible to show that at least three calcium ions serve to stabilize thermolysin against autolysis or unfolding in guanidine hydrochloride. Similar stabilization was observed for thermolysin with a single terbium ion bound at calcium site S(1). This result is consistent with our earlier findings, which suggest that calcium bound at sites S(1)-S(2) are located at a critical point on the unfolding pathway of thermolysin and serve to act as an interdomain lock. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10383 Extra Details: biphasic transitions; spectroscopic changes;,structural domains; unfolding pathway
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:40 p.m.
|Number of data points||1|
|Proteins||Thermolysin ; Thermolysin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence ITGTSTVGVGRGVLGDQKNINTTYSTYYYLQDNTRGDGIFTYDAKYRTTLPGSLWADADNQFFASYDAPAVDAHYYAGVTYDYYKNVHNRLSYDGNNAAIRSSVHYSQGYNNAFWNGSEMVYGDGDGQTFIPLSGGIDVVAHELTHAVTDYTAGLIYQNESGAINEAISDIFGTLVEFYANKNPDWEIGEDVYTPGISGDSLRSMSDPAKYGDPDHYSKRYTGTQDNGGVHINSGIINKAAYLISQGGTHYGVSVVGIGRDKLGKIFYRALTQYLTPTSNFSQLRAAAVQSATDLYGSTSQEVASVKQAFDAVGVK|