An essential proline in lambda repressor is required for resistance to intracellular proteolysis.


Abstract

Pro78 is a solvent-exposed residue at the N-terminal end of alpha-helix 5 in the DNA binding domain of lambda repressor. Random mutagenesis experiments have suggested that Pro78 is essential [Reidhaar-Olson, J.F., & Sauer, R.T. (1990) Proteins: Struct., Funct., Genet. (in press)]. To investigate the requirement for proline at this position, we constructed and studied the properties of a set of ten position 78 mutant proteins. All of these mutants have decreased intracellular activities and are expressed at significantly lower levels than wild type. Pulse-chase experiments show that the mutant proteins are rapidly degraded in the cell; the mutants examined had half-lives of 11-35 min, whereas the wild-type protein has a half-life of greater than 10 h. The rapid degradation of position 78 mutants is not suppressed by mutations that affect known Escherichia coli proteases. The Pro78----Ala mutant could be overexpressed in a dnaJ- strain and was purified. This mutant has full DNA binding activity in vitro, suggesting that its folded structure and ability to form active dimers are similar to those of wild type. The PA78 mutant (Tm = 48 degrees C) is less thermally stable than wild type (Tm = 55 degrees C). Double-mutant studies show that this instability contributes to but is not the main cause of its rapid intracellular degradation and also suggest that proteolysis proceeds from the denatured forms of proteins containing the PA78 substitution. The PA78 mutation does not appear to introduce a new cleavage site for cellular proteases, nor does the mutation enhance susceptibility to proteases such as thermolysin and trypsin in vitro.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 3037, 3038, 3039, 3040, 3041, 3042, 3043, 3044 Extra Details: lambda repressor; proline; susceptibility; structure

Submission Details

ID: eUhrkJ2N3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:20 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Reidhaar-Olson JF;Parsell DA;Sauer RT,Biochemistry (1990) An essential proline in lambda repressor is required for resistance to intracellular proteolysis. PMID:2148681
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
3KZ3 2010-02-23 1.64 A structure of a lambda repressor fragment mutant
1LMB 1991-11-05 1.8 REFINED 1.8 ANGSTROM CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE LAMBDA REPRESSOR-OPERATOR COMPLEX
5ZCA 2018-08-15 1.8 Crystal structure of lambda repressor (1-20) fused with maltose-binding protein
1F39 2000-07-26 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE LAMBDA REPRESSOR C-TERMINAL DOMAIN
3WOA 2015-04-29 2.0 Crystal structure of lambda repressor (1-45) fused with maltose-binding protein
1LLI 1994-08-31 2.1 THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A MUTANT PROTEIN WITH ALTERED BUT IMPROVED HYDROPHOBIC CORE PACKING
1RIO 2004-01-27 2.3 Structure of bacteriophage lambda cI-NTD in complex with sigma-region4 of Thermus aquaticus bound to DNA
1KCA 2001-12-21 2.91 Crystal Structure of the lambda Repressor C-terminal Domain Octamer
1LRP 1989-01-09 3.2 COMPARISON OF THE STRUCTURES OF CRO AND LAMBDA REPRESSOR PROTEINS FROM BACTERIOPHAGE LAMBDA
3BDN 2008-04-15 3.91 Crystal Structure of the Lambda Repressor

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Repressor protein cI P03034 RPC1_LAMBD