The unfolding properties of the trp repressor of Escherichia coli have been studied using a number of different time-resolved and steady-state fluorescence approaches. Denaturation by urea was monitored by the average fluorescence emission energy of the intrinsic tryptophan residues of the repressor. These data were consistent with a two-state transition from dimer to unfolded monomer with a free energy of unfolding of 19.2 kcal/mol. The frequency response profiles of the fluorescence emission brought to light subtle urea-induced modifications of the intrinsic tryptophan decay parameters both preceding and following the main unfolding transition. The increase of lifetime induced by urea required higher concentrations of urea than the increase in the total intensity described by Gittelman and Matthews [(1990) Biochemistry 29, 7011]. This indicates that the intensity increase has both dynamic and static origins. To assess the effect of tryptophan binding upon repressor stability, and to determine whether repressor oligomerization would be detectable in an unfolding experiment, we examined denaturation profiles of repressor labeled with the long-lived fluorescence probe 5-(dimethylamino)naphthalene-1-sulfonyl (DNS), by monitoring the average rotational correlation time of the probe. These experiments revealed a protein concentration dependent transition at low urea concentrations. This transition was promoted by tryptophan binding. We ascribe this transition to urea-induced dissociation of repressor tetramers. The main unfolding transition of the dimer to unfolded monomer was also observable using this technique, and the free energies associated with this transition were 18.3 kcal/mol in the absence of tryptophan and 24.1 kcal/mol in its presence, demonstrating that co-repressor binding stabilizes the repressor dimer against denaturation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 5308 Extra Details: two-state transition; repressor oligomerization; dissociation;,tryptophan binding
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:29 p.m.
|Number of data points||1|
|Proteins||Trp operon repressor ; Trp operon repressor|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence AQQSPYSAAMAEQRHQEWLRFVDLLKNAYQNDLHLPLLNLMLTPDEREALGTRVRIVEELLRGEMSQRELKNELGAGIATITRGSNSLKAAPVELRQWLEEVLLKSD|