Denaturation profiles of bovine prothrombin and its isolated fragments were examined in the presence of Na2EDTA, 5 mM CaCl2, and CaCl2 plus membranes containing 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-sn-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) in combination with bovine brain phosphatidylserine (PS). We have shown previously [Lentz, B. R., Wu, J. R., Sorrentino, A. M., & Carleton, J. A. (1991) Biophys. J. 60, 70] that binding to PS/POPC (25/75) large unilamellar vesicles resulted in an enthalpy loss in the main endotherm of prothrombin denaturation (Tm approximately 57-58 degrees C) and a comparable enthalpy gain in a minor endotherm (Tm approximately 59 degrees C) accompanying an upward shift in peak temperature (Tm approximately 73 degrees C). This minor endotherm was also responsive to Ca2+ binding and, in the absence of PS/POPC membranes, corresponded to melting of the N-terminal, Ca2+ and membrane binding domain (fragment 1). Peak deconvolution analysis of the prothrombin denaturation profile and extensive studies of the denaturation of isolated prothrombin domains in the presence and absence of PS/POPC vesicles suggested that membrane binding induced changes in the C-terminal catalytic domain of prothrombin (prethrombin 2) and in a domain that links fragment 1 with the catalytic domain (fragment 2). Specifically, the results have confirmed that the fragment 2 domain interacts with the stabilizes the prethrombin 2 domain and also have shown that fragment 2 interacts directly with the membrane. In addition, the results have demonstrated a heretofore unrecognized interaction between the catalytic and membrane binding domains. This interaction can account for another portion of the denaturation enthalpy that appears at high temperatures in the presence of membranes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 4444, 4445, 4446 Extra Details: denaturation profiles; minor endotherm; domain;,peak deconvolution analysis
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:25 p.m.
|Number of data points||9|
|Proteins||Prothrombin ; Prothrombin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dHcal ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: dHvH|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence H:IVEGQDAEVGLSPWQVMLFRKSPQELLCGASLISDRWVLTAAHCLLYPPWDKNFTVDDLLVRIGKHSRTRYERKVEKISMLDKIYIHPRYNWKENLDRDIALLKLKRPIELSDYIHPVCLPDKQTAAKLLHAGFKGRVTGWGNRRETWTTSVAEVQPSVLQVVNLPLVERPVCKASTRIRITDNMFCAGYKPGEGKRGDACEGDSGGPFVMKSPYNNRWYQMGIVSWGEGCDRDGKYGFYTHVFRLKKWIQKVIDRLGS/J:TSEDHFQPFFNEKTFGAGEADCGLRPLFEKKQVQDQTEKELFESYIEGR/K:IVEGQDAEVGLSPWQVMLFRKSPQELLCGASLISDRWVLTAAHCLLYPPWDKNFTVDDLLVRIGKHSRTRYERKVEKISMLDKIYIHPRYNWKENLDRDIALLKLKRPIELSDYIHPVCLPDKQTAAKLLHAGFKGRVTGWGNRRETWTTSVAEVQPSVLQVVNLPLVERPVCKASTRIRITDNMFCAGYKPGEGKRGDACEGDSGGPFVMKSPYNNRWYQMGIVSWGEGCDRDGKYGFYTHVFRLKKWIQKVIDRLGS/L:TSEDHFQPFFNEKTFGAGEADCGLRPLFEKKQVQDQTEKELFESYIEGR/R:EGGEPCACPHALHRVCGSDGETYSNPCTLNCAKFNGKPELVKVHDGPCEPDEDEDVCQECDGDEYKPVCGSDDITYDNNCRLECASISSSPGVELKHEGPCRT/S:EGGEPCACPHALHRVCGSDGETYSNPCTLNCAKFNGKPELVKVHDGPCEPDEDEDVCQECDGDEYKPVCGSDDITYDNNCRLECASISSSPGVELKHEGPCRT|