In recent years great interest has been generated in the process of protein folding, and the formation of intermediates during the folding process has been proven with new experimental strategies. In the present work, we have examined the molten globule state of Bacillus licheniformis alpha-amylase (BLA) by intrinsic fluorescence and circular dichroism spectra, 1-anilino naphthalene-8-sulfonate (ANS) binding and proteolytic digestion by pepsin, for comparison to its mesophilic counterpart, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens alpha-amylase (BAA). At pH 4.0, both enzymes acquire partially folded state which show characteristics of molten globule state. They unfold in such a way that their hydrophobic surfaces are exposed to a greater extent compared to the native forms. Chemical denaturation studies by guanidine hydrochloride and proteolytic digestion with pepsin show that molten globule state of BLA is more stable than from BAA. Results from gel filtration indicate that BAA has the same compactness at pH 4.0 and 7.5. However, molten globule state of BLA is less compact than its native state. The effects of polyols such as trehalose, sorbitol and glycerol on refolding of enzymes from molten globule to native state were also studied. These polyols are effective on refolding of mesophilic alpha-amylase but only slightly effect on BLA refolding. In addition, the folding pathway and stability of intermediate state of the thermophilic and the mesophilic alpha-amylases are discussed. Study holds ProTherm entries: 20572, 20573 Extra Details: alpha-amylase; Molten globule states; Stability; Folding pathway; Aggregation
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:52 p.m.
|Number of data points||4|
|Proteins||GLYCOSYLTRANSFERASE ; Alpha-amylase ; Alpha-amylase|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence MIQKRKRTVSFRLVLMCTLLFVSLPITKTSAVNGTLMQYFEWYTPNDGQHWKRLQNDAEHLSDIGITAVWIPPAYKGLSQSDNGYGPYDLYDLGEFQQKGTVRTKYGTKSELQDAIGSLHSRNVQVYGDVVLNHKAGADATEDVTAVEVNPANRNQETSEEYQIKAWTDFRFPGRGNTYSDFKWHWYHFDGADWDESRKISRIFKFRGEGKAWDWEVSSENGNYDYLMYADVDYDHPDVVAETKKWGIWYANELSLDGFRIDAAKHIKFSFLRDWVQAVRQATGKEMFTVAEYWQNNAGKLENYLNKTSFNQSVFDVPLHFNLQAASSQGGGYDMRRLLDGTVVSRHPEKAVTFVENHDTQPGQSLESTVQTWFKPLAYAFILTRESGYPQVFYGDMYGTKGTSPKEIPSLKDNIEPILKARKEYAYGPQHDYIDHPDVIGWTREGDSSAAKSGLAALITDGPGGSKRMYAGLKNAGETWYDITGNRSDTVKIGSDGWGEFHVNDGSVSIYVQK ; Mutations for sequence A:ANLNGTLMQYFEWYMPNDGQHWKRLQNDSAYLAEHGITAVWIPPAYKGTSQADVGYGAYDLYDLGEFHQKGTVRTKYGTKGELQSAIKSLHSRDINVYGDVVINHKGGADATEDVTAVEVDPADRNRVISGEHLIKAWTHFHFPGRGSTYSDFKWHWYHFDGTDWDESRKLNRIYKFQGKAWDWEVSNE/B:NGNYDYLMYADIDYDHPDVAAEIKRWGTWYANELQLDGFRLDAVKHIKFSFLRDWVNHVREKTGKEMFTVAEYWQNDLGALENYLNKTNFNHSVFDVPLHYQFHAASTQGGGYDMRKLLNSTVVSKHPLKAVTFVDNHDTQPGQSLESTVQTWFKPLAYAFILTRESGYPQVFYGDMYGTKGDSQREIPALKHKIEPILKARKQYAYGAQHDYFDHHDIVGWTREGDSSVANSGLAALITDGPGGAKRMYVGRQNAGETWHDITGNRSEPVVINSEGWGEFHVNGGSVSIYVQR|