Effects of point mutations in a hinge region on the stability, folding, and enzymatic activity of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase.


Abstract

The role of a hinge region in the folding, stability, and activity of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase was investigated with three site-directed mutants at valine-88, the central residue of the hinge. The three mutants, V88A and V88I and a valine-88 deletion, were created to perturb the packing of hydrophobic residues in the interior of a loose turn formed by residues 85-91. Deleting the valine-88 residue destabilized the protein by 2.93 +/- 0.6 kcal/mol as determined by equilibrium unfolding transitions in urea monitored by circular dichroism at 20 degrees C. Substitution of alanine for valine-88 stabilized the protein by -0.20 +/- 0.02 kcal/mol, and the isoleucine substitution was mildly destabilizing by 1.73 +/- 0.2 kcal/mol. Although there was no clear correlation between side-chain volume and stability, these results suggest that side-chain interactions in the interior of the turn influence the folding and stability of dihydrofolate reductase. The specific activity of the valine deletion mutant was approximately twice that of the wild-type protein while the specific activities of the V88A and V88I proteins were only slightly greater than the wild type. The full time courses of the reactions catalyzed by the mutants were almost identical with that for the wild type, indicating no major changes in the kinetic mechanism. Additionally, the rate constants associated with interconversion between various forms of the apoenzyme were identical for the mutant and wild-type enzymes. The rate constants for refolding transitions were examined by dilution of urea-inactivated protein.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 325, 326, 327 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(0.1 mM),dG and ddG were measured in the presence of [urea]50% Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase; enzymatic activity;,point mutations; folding; stability

Submission Details

ID: ctkwWWv7

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:15 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Ahrweiler PM;Frieden C,Biochemistry (1991) Effects of point mutations in a hinge region on the stability, folding, and enzymatic activity of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase. PMID:1868058
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
6CW7 2018-03-30T00:00:00+0000 1.03 E. coli DHFR product complex with (6S)-5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROFOLATE
6CXK 2018-04-03T00:00:00+0000 1.11 E. coli DHFR substrate complex with Dihydrofolate
6CYV 2018-04-06T00:00:00+0000 1.3 E. coli DHFR ternary complex with NADP and dihydrofolate
1DDR 1995-06-29T00:00:00+0000 2.45 MOLECULE: DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE (E.C.1.5.1.3) COMPLEXED WITH METHOTREXATE AND UREA
1DDS 1995-06-29T00:00:00+0000 2.2 MOLECULE: DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE (E.C.1.5.1.3) COMPLEXED WITH METHOTREXATE
1DHI 1993-10-29T00:00:00+0000 1.9 LONG-RANGE STRUCTURAL EFFECTS IN A SECOND-SITE REVERTANT OF A MUTANT DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE
1DHJ 1993-10-29T00:00:00+0000 1.8 LONG-RANGE STRUCTURAL EFFECTS IN A SECOND-SITE REVERTANT OF A MUTANT DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE
1DRA 1991-11-06T00:00:00+0000 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF UNLIGANDED ESCHERICHIA COLI DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE. LIGAND-INDUCED CONFORMATIONAL CHANGES AND COOPERATIVITY IN BINDING
1DRB 1991-11-06T00:00:00+0000 1.96 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF UNLIGANDED ESCHERICHIA COLI DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE. LIGAND-INDUCED CONFORMATIONAL CHANGES AND COOPERATIVITY IN BINDING
1DRE 1996-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.6 DIHYDROFOLATE REDUCTASE COMPLEXED WITH METHOTREXATE AND NICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE (OXIDIZED FORM)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
91.8 Dihydrofolate reductase P31074 DYR_KLEAE
96.2 Dihydrofolate reductase P31073 DYR_CITFR
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ6 DYR_SHIFL
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ4 DYR_ECOLI
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ5 DYR_ECOL6