Probing the determinants of disulfide stability in native pancreatic trypsin inhibitor.


Abstract

The effects of single amino acid replacements on the stability of the 14-38 disulfide bond in the native form of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) were measured. A total of 17 mutant proteins, with substitutions at one of 7 residues located 5-15 A from the disulfide in the native wild-type protein, were examined. The replacements were found to decrease the thermodynamic stability of the disulfide, as measured by exchange with thiol-disulfide reagents, by 0.6-5 kcal/mol, corresponding to a range of nearly 100 mV in redox potentials. The effects of the substitutions on disulfide stability were roughly correlated with the changes in side-chain volume, suggesting that optimal packing is a major factor in determining the stability of the disulfide in the wild-type protein. With only one exception, the substitutions also led to increases, as large as 50-fold, in the rates of disulfide reduction by dithiothreitol. The increased rates of reduction suggest that at least a fraction of the mutational destabilization of the disulfide is due to strain in the native protein that is relieved in the transition state for reduction. The stability of the disulfide in a peptide corresponding to the segments that are linked together by the 14-38 disulfide in native BPTI was found to be about 5 kcal/mol less than that of the disulfide in the intact wild-type protein. Together, the results with the mutant proteins and the peptide indicate that the stability of the disulfide in the native protein depends on both the local environment of the disulfide and on the ability of the rest of the protein to favor a conformation that promotes disulfide formation. Study holds ProTherm entries: 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(1 mM), amino acid replacements; disulfide stability; BPTI;,thermodynamic stability

Submission Details

ID: cHWwz82r3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:14 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Goldenberg DP;Bekeart LS;Laheru DA;Zhou JD,Biochemistry (1993) Probing the determinants of disulfide stability in native pancreatic trypsin inhibitor. PMID:7681323
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1AAL 1992-04-09T00:00:00+0000 1.6 STRUCTURAL EFFECTS INDUCED BY MUTAGENESIS AFFECTED BY CRYSTAL PACKING FACTORS: THE STRUCTURE OF A 30-51 DISULFIDE MUTANT OF BASIC PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR
1B0C 1998-11-06T00:00:00+0000 2.8 EVIDENCE OF A COMMON DECAMER IN THREE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF BPTI, CRYSTALLIZED FROM THIOCYANATE, CHLORIDE OR SULFATE
1BHC 1998-06-05T00:00:00+0000 2.7 BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR CRYSTALLIZED FROM THIOCYANATE
1BPI 1995-02-18T00:00:00+0000 1.09 THE STRUCTURE OF BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR AT 125K: DEFINITION OF CARBOXYL-TERMINAL RESIDUES GLYCINE-57 AND ALANINE-58
1BPT 1991-12-11T00:00:00+0000 2.0 CREVICE-FORMING MUTANTS OF BPTI: CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF F22A, Y23A, N43G, AND F45A
1BRB 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 2.1 CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF RAT ANIONIC TRYPSIN COMPLEXED WITH THE PROTEIN INHIBITORS APPI AND BPTI
1BTH 1996-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.3 STRUCTURE OF THROMBIN COMPLEXED WITH BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR
1BTI 1991-07-11T00:00:00+0000 2.2 CREVICE-FORMING MUTANTS IN THE RIGID CORE OF BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR: CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF F22A, Y23A, N43G, AND F45A
1BZ5 1998-11-05T00:00:00+0000 2.58 EVIDENCE OF A COMMON DECAMER IN THREE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF BPTI, CRYSTALLIZE FROM THIOCYANATE, CHLORIDE OR SULFATE
1BZX 1998-11-05T00:00:00+0000 2.1 THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ANIONIC SALMON TRYPSIN IN COMPLEX WITH BOVINE PANCREATIC TRYPSIN INHIBITOR

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
91.0 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P04815 BPT2_BOVIN
100.0 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P00974 BPT1_BOVIN
91.4 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P00975 IBPS_BOVIN