Deletion of the omega-loop in the active site of staphylococcal nuclease. 1. Effect on catalysis and stability.


Abstract

The high-resolution X-ray structure of wild-type staphylococcal nuclease (E43 SNase) suggests that Glu 43 acts a general basic catalyst to assist the attack of water on a phosphodiester substrate [Loll, P., & Lattman, E. E. (1989) Proteins: Struct., Funct., Genet. 5, 183]. Glu 43 is located at the base of the solvent-exposed and conformationally mobile omega-loop in the active site of E43 SNase having the sequence Glu43-Thr44-Lys45-His46-Pro47-Lys48- Lys49-Gly50-Val51-Glu52, where the gamma-carboxylate of Glu 52 is hydrogen bonded to the amide hydrogen of Glu 43. With a metabolic selection for SNase activity produced in an Escherichia coli host, we detected an unexpected deletion of residues 44-49 of the omega-loop of E43 SNase in cassette mutagenesis experiments designed to randomize codons 44 and 45 in the omega-loop and increase the activity of the previously described E43D mutation (D43 SNase). A high-resolution X-ray structure of D43 SNase has revealed that the E43D substitution significantly changes the structure of the omega-loop, reduces the interaction of the essential Ca2+ ion with its active-site ligands, and diminishes the network of hydrogen-bonded water molecules in the active site [Loll, P., & Lattman, E. E. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 6866]. This deletion of six amino acids from the omega-loop generates a protein (E43 delta SNase) having a partially solvent-exposed, surface beta-turn with the sequence Glu43-Gly50-Val51-Glu52; the structure of this beta-turn is addressed in the following article [Baldisseri et al. (1991) Biochemistry (following paper in this issue)].(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 4243, 4244 Extra Details:

Submission Details

ID: c6jivvr74

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:25 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Poole LB;Loveys DA;Hale SP;Gerlt JA;Stanczyk SM;Bolton PH,Biochemistry (1991) Deletion of the omega-loop in the active site of staphylococcal nuclease. 1. Effect on catalysis and stability. PMID:2015219
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
4WRD 2014-10-23T00:00:00+0000 1.65 Crystal structure of Staphylcoccal nulease variant Delta+PHS V66E L125E at cryogenic temperature
2LKV 2011-10-21T00:00:00+0000 0 Staphylococcal Nuclease PHS variant
2M00 2012-10-14T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution structure of staphylococcal nuclease E43S mutant in the presence of ssDNA and Cd2+
2OXP 2007-02-20T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal Structure of Staphylococcal Nuclease mutant V66D/P117G/H124L/S128A
3D4W 2008-05-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS A109R at cryogenic temperature
3D8G 2008-05-23T00:00:00+0000 1.99 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS I72R at cryogenic temperature
3MVV 2010-05-04T00:00:00+0000 1.72 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS F34A at cryogenic temperature
3QOJ 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.6 Cryogenic structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23K
3QOL 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23E at pH 6 determined at 100 K
3R3O 2011-03-16T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS T62A at cryogenic temperature and with high redundancy

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU