Thermal and chemical unfolding of lipid-free apolipoprotein C-1 (apoC-1), a 6-kDa protein component of very low density and high-density lipoproteins, was analyzed by far-UV CD. In neutral 1 mM Na2HPO4 solutions containing 6-7 micrograms/mL protein, the apoC-1 monomer is approximately 30% alpha-helical at 0-22 degrees C and unfolds reversibly from about 22-80 degrees C with Tm = 51 +/- 3 degrees C and van't Hoff enthalpy delta Hv(Tm) = 19 +/- 3 kcal/mol. The apparent free energy of the monomer stabilization determined from the chemical unfolding at 0 degree C, delta G(0 degree C) = 2.8 +/- 0.8 kcal/mol, decreases by about 1 kcal/mol upon heating to 25 degrees C. A small apparent heat capacity increment suggests the absence of a substantial hydrophobic core for the apoC-1 molecule. At pH 7, increasing apoC-1 concentration above 10 micrograms/mL leads to self-association and formation of additional alpha-helices that unfold upon both heating and cooling from room temperature. The CD data indicate that the high-temperature transition reflects a complete monomer unfolding and the low-temperature transition reflects oligomer dissociation into stable monomers. This suggests the importance of hydrophobic interactions for apoC-1 self-association. Close proximity between the high- and low-temperature transitions and the absence of a plateau in the chemical unfolding curves recorded from oligomeric apoC-1 indicate marginal oligomer stability and suggest that in vivo apoC-1 transfer is mediated via the complexes with other apolipoproteins and/or lipids. Study holds ProTherm entries: 17824, 17825, 17826 Extra Details: Monomer apolipoprotein C-1, hydrophobic interaction, high temperature unfolding, oligomer dissociation.
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:50 p.m.
|Number of data points||7|
|Proteins||Apolipoprotein C-I ; Apolipoprotein C-I|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dG_H2O temp:25 C ; Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O temp:0 C ; Experimental Assay: dCp ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: dHvH|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence TPDVSSALDKLKEFGNTLEDKARELISRIKQSELSAKMREWFSETFQKVKEKLKIDS|
|Structure ID||Release Date||Resolution||Structure Title|
|1ALE||1995-02-20T00:00:00+0000||0||CONFORMATION OF TWO PEPTIDES CORRESPONDING TO HUMAN APOLIPOPROTEIN C-I RESIDUES 7-24 AND 35-53 IN THE PRESENCE OF SODIUM DODECYLSULFATE BY CD AND NMR SPECTROSCOPY|
|1ALF||1995-02-20T00:00:00+0000||0||CONFORMATION OF TWO PEPTIDES CORRESPONDING TO HUMAN APOLIPOPROTEIN C-I RESIDUES 7-24 AND 35-53 IN THE PRESENCE OF SODIUM DODECYLSULFATE BY CD AND NMR SPECTROSCOPY|
|1IOJ||1998-05-12T00:00:00+0000||0||HUMAN APOLIPOPROTEIN C-I, NMR, 18 STRUCTURES|
|1OPP||1997-05-08T00:00:00+0000||0||PEPTIDE OF HUMAN APOLIPOPROTEIN C-I RESIDUES 1-38, NMR, 28 STRUCTURES|
|6DVU||2018-06-25T00:00:00+0000||1.8||Structure of the Monoclinic-1 (Monocl-1) Crystal Form of Human Apolipoprotein C1|
|6DXR||2018-06-29T00:00:00+0000||2.0||Structure of the Monoclinic-2 (Monocl-2) Crystal Form of Human Apolipoprotein C1|
|6DZ6||2018-07-03T00:00:00+0000||3.0||Structure of the Orthorhombic (Orthrhmb) Crystal Form of Human Apolipoprotein C1|
|6NF3||2018-12-18T00:00:00+0000||2.33||Structure of the Monoclinic-3 (Monocln-3) Crystal Form of Human Apolipoprotein C1|