Specific structure appears at the N terminus in the sub-millisecond folding intermediate of the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase, a TIM barrel protein.


Abstract

Competing views of the products of sub-millisecond folding reactions observed in many globular proteins have been ascribed either to the formation of discrete, partially folded states or to the random collapse of the unfolded chain under native-favoring conditions. To test the validity of these alternative interpretations for the stopped-flow burst-phase reaction in the (betaalpha)8, TIM barrel motif, a series of alanine replacements were made at five different leucine or isoleucine residues in the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase (alphaTS) from Escherichia coli. This protein has been proposed to fold, in the sub-millisecond time range, to an off-pathway intermediate with significant stability and approximately 50% of the far-UV circular dichroism (CD) signal of the native conformation. Individual alanine replacements at any of three isoleucine or leucine residues in either alpha1, beta2 or beta3 completely eliminate the off-pathway species. These variants, within 5 ms, access an intermediate whose properties closely resemble those of an on-pathway equilibrium intermediate that is highly populated at moderate urea concentrations in wild-type alphaTS. By contrast, alanine replacements for leucine residues in either beta4 or beta6 destabilize but preserve the off-pathway, burst-phase species. When considered with complementary thermodynamic and kinetic data, this mutational analysis demonstrates that the sub-millisecond appearance of CD signal for alphaTS reflects the acquisition of secondary structure in a distinct thermodynamic state, not the random collapse of an unfolded chain. The contrasting results for replacements in the contiguous alpha1/beta2/beta3 domain and the C-terminal beta4 and beta6 strands imply a heterogeneous structure for the burst-phase species. The alpha1/beta2/beta3 domain appears to be tightly packed, and the C terminus appears to behave as a molten-globule-like structure whose folding is tightly coupled to that of the alpha1/beta2/beta3 domain. Study holds ProTherm entries: 19687, 19688, 19689, 19690, 19691, 19692, 19693, 19694, 19695, 19696, 19697, 19698 Extra Details: Native to intermediate; 0.2 mM K2EDTA and 1 mM betaME were added in the experiment sub-millisecond folding reactions; off-pathway intermediates; 1H-15N HSQC; circular dichroism; mutational analysis

Submission Details

ID: bnLCEXvP

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:51 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Wu Y;Vadrevu R;Yang X;Matthews CR,J. Mol. Biol. (2005) Specific structure appears at the N terminus in the sub-millisecond folding intermediate of the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase, a TIM barrel protein. PMID:16023136
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1XCF 2004-11-02 1.8 Crystal structure of P28L/Y173F tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli
1WQ5 2005-02-15 2.3 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli
1V7Y 2005-02-15 2.5 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli at room temperature
1XC4 2004-11-02 2.8 Crystal structure of wild-type tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LS20 TRPA_ESCF3
97.8 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7NVN0 TRPA_ECO7I
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1LH32 TRPA_ECOSM
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7N473 TRPA_ECOLU
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0TIB0 TRPA_ECOL5
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7MU99 TRPA_ECO81
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7UR66 TRPA_ECO27
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q1RCA7 TRPA_ECOUT
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A1AAN0 TRPA_ECOK1
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7ML76 TRPA_ECO45
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B5YZP0 TRPA_ECO5E
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8X7B5 TRPA_ECO57
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q32GT0 TRPA_SHIDS
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q3Z108 TRPA_SHISS
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0T5D6 TRPA_SHIF8
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q31ZV3 TRPA_SHIBS
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8FHW0 TRPA_ECOL6
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B2U0F1 TRPA_SHIB3
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZL78 TRPA_ECO24
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7L492 TRPA_ECO55
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B6I9X4 TRPA_ECOSE
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LY16 TRPA_ECO8A
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A878 TRPA_SHIFL
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A877 TRPA_ECOLI
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1ITJ5 TRPA_ECOLC
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZZJ6 TRPA_ECOHS
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1XBK9 TRPA_ECODH
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain C4ZTV3 TRPA_ECOBW