The folding of staphylococcal nuclease in the presence of methanol or guanidine thiocyanate.


The effect of methanol on the folding of staphylococcal nuclease has been investigated. Equilibrium thermal unfolding transitions were monitored by fluorescence emission. The transition was very sensitive to the presence of methanol (at pH 7.0), the Tm decreased from above 50 degrees C for aqueous solution to below 0 degree C for 70% methanol. The transitions were fully reversible and conformed to two-state behavior. A linear relationship was observed between the hydrophobicity of the solvent and both the Tm and the change in delta G for unfolding. The effect of pH on the transition in 50% methanol at 0 degree C was essentially the same as for aqueous solution, with a cooperative transition in the vicinity of apparent pH (pH*) 4. The unfolding transition was determined as a function of guanidine thiocyanate in aqueous and 50% methanol solvents. The midpoints of the transitions were 0.30 and 0.20 M, respectively, at 2.1 degrees C. The kinetics of folding at 0 degree C were compared in aqueous, 50% methanol and 0.30 M guanidine thiocyanate solvents, by monitoring changes in the tryptophan fluorescence intensity. Triphasic kinetics for refolding in both aqueous and 50% methanol solutions were observed in stopped-flow experiments. In both solvent systems the slowest phase is ascribed to proline isomerization. The kinetics of refolding were monitored at subzero temperatures in 50% methanol at pH* 7.0 in manual mixing experiments. Biphasic kinetics were observed at temperatures between 0 and -35 degrees C. A third, faster phase, was inferred from the missing amplitude. The energies of activation were 20.0 and 17.2 kcal mol-1, respectively, for the two slower phases. At -33.8 degrees C, the observed pseudo first-order rate constants were 1.2 x 10(-3) and 2.1 x 10(-5) s-1. At temperatures above -35 degrees C, the sum of the observed amplitudes was essentially constant at 70-75% of the expected total amplitude. At lower temperatures the amplitude of the refolding reaction decreased, and the native state was not formed (unless the temperature was increased), due to the formation of a trapped intermediate state. This intermediate has circular dichroism and fluorescence properties consistent with a compact state with some molten globule characteristics. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5174 Extra Details: methanol; two-state behavior; cooperative transition; kinetics;,energies of activation; intermediate

Submission Details

ID: bMxnQanH4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:29 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Nakano T;Fink AL,J. Biol. Chem. (1990) The folding of staphylococcal nuclease in the presence of methanol or guanidine thiocyanate. PMID:2373696
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
4WRD 2014-10-23T00:00:00+0000 1.65 Crystal structure of Staphylcoccal nulease variant Delta+PHS V66E L125E at cryogenic temperature
2LKV 2011-10-21T00:00:00+0000 0 Staphylococcal Nuclease PHS variant
2M00 2012-10-14T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution structure of staphylococcal nuclease E43S mutant in the presence of ssDNA and Cd2+
2OXP 2007-02-20T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal Structure of Staphylococcal Nuclease mutant V66D/P117G/H124L/S128A
3D4W 2008-05-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS A109R at cryogenic temperature
3D8G 2008-05-23T00:00:00+0000 1.99 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS I72R at cryogenic temperature
3MVV 2010-05-04T00:00:00+0000 1.72 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS F34A at cryogenic temperature
3QOJ 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.6 Cryogenic structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23K
3QOL 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23E at pH 6 determined at 100 K
3R3O 2011-03-16T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS T62A at cryogenic temperature and with high redundancy

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU