Rhizomucor miehei lipase (RML), as a kind of eukaryotic protein catalyst, plays an important role in the food, organic chemical, and biofuel industries. However, RML retains its catalytic activity below 50°C, which limits its industrial applications at higher temperatures. Soluble expression of this eukaryotic protein in Escherichia coli not only helps to screen for thermostable mutants quickly but also provides the opportunity to develop rapid and effective ways to enhance the thermal stability of eukaryotic proteins. Therefore, in this study, RML was engineered using multiple computational design methods, followed by filtration via conservation analysis and functional region assessment. We successfully obtained a limited screening library (only 36 candidates) to validate thermostable single point mutants, among which 24 of the candidates showed higher thermostability and 13 point mutations resulted in an apparent melting temperature ([Formula: see text]) of at least 1°C higher. Furthermore, both of the two disulfide bonds predicted from four rational-design algorithms were further introduced and found to stabilize RML. The most stable mutant, with T18K/T22I/E230I/S56C-N63C/V189C-D238C mutations, exhibited a 14.3°C-higher [Formula: see text] and a 12.5-fold increase in half-life at 70°C. The catalytic efficiency of the engineered lipase was 39% higher than that of the wild type. The results demonstrate that rationally designed point mutations and disulfide bonds can effectively reduce the number of screened clones to enhance the thermostability of RML.
Submitter: Shu-Ching Ou
Submission Date: Nov. 12, 2018, 3:06 p.m.
|Number of data points||264|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Thermal Stability: Tm ; Experimental Assay: Optimal temperature for enzyme activity: T_opt ; Experimental Assay: Kinetic Constant: Km ; Experimental Assay: Kinetic Constant: kcat ; Experimental Assay: Kinetic Constant: kcat ; Experimental Assay: Enzyme Activity ; Derived Quantity: SD of Thermal Stability: Tm ; Derived Quantity: Thermal Stability: ΔTm ; Derived Quantity: SD of Kinetic Constant: Km ; Derived Quantity: SD of Kinetic Constant: kcat ; Derived Quantity: SD of Enzyme Activity ; Computational Protocol: Thermal Stability: ΔΔG (I-Mutant 3.0) ; Computational Protocol: Thermal Stability: ΔΔG (FoldX) ; Computational Protocol: Thermal Stability: ΔΔG (Rosetta)|
|Libraries||Mutants of RML ; Mutants of RML_p-NP-C8|
|Structure ID||Release Date||Resolution||Structure Title|
|6QPR||2019-03-13||1.45||Rhizomucor miehei lipase propeptide complex, Ser95/Ile96 deletion mutant|
|6QPP||2019-03-13||1.49||Rhizomucor miehei lipase propeptide complex, native|
|3TGL||1993-07-15||1.9||STRUCTURE AND MOLECULAR MODEL REFINEMENT OF RHIZOMUCOR MIEHEI TRIACYLGLYCERIDE LIPASE: A CASE STUDY OF THE USE OF SIMULATED ANNEALING IN PARTIAL MODEL REFINEMENT|
|1TGL||1990-10-15||1.9||A SERINE PROTEASE TRIAD FORMS THE CATALYTIC CENTRE OF A TRIACYLGLYCEROL LIPASE|
|4TGL||1993-07-15||2.6||CATALYSIS AT THE INTERFACE: THE ANATOMY OF A CONFORMATIONAL CHANGE IN A TRIGLYCERIDE LIPASE|
|5TGL||1994-01-31||3.0||A MODEL FOR INTERFACIAL ACTIVATION IN LIPASES FROM THE STRUCTURE OF A FUNGAL LIPASE-INHIBITOR COMPLEX|
|Percent Identity||Matching Chains||Protein||Accession||Entry Name|