Singular efficacy of trimethylamine N-oxide to counter protein destabilization in ice.


Abstract

This study reports the first quantitative estimate of the thermodynamic stability (Delta G degrees ) of a protein in low-temperature partly frozen aqueous solutions in the presence of the protective osmolytes trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), glycine betaine, and sarcosine. The method, based on guanidinium chloride denaturation of the azurin mutant C112S from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, distinguishes between the deleterious effects of subfreezing temperatures from those due specifically to the formation of a solid ice phase. The results point out that in the liquid state molar concentrations of these osmolytes stabilize significantly the native fold and that their effect is maintained on cooling to -15 degrees C. At this temperature, freezing of the solution in the absence of any additive causes a progressive destabilization of the protein, Delta G degrees decreasing up to 3-4 kcal/mol as the fraction of liquid water in equilibrium with ice ( V L) is reduced to less than 1%. The ability of the three osmolytes to prevent the decrease in protein stability at small V L varies significantly among them, ranging from the complete inertness of sarcosine to full protection by TMAO. The singular effectiveness of TMAO among the osmolytes tested until now is maintained high even at concentrations as low as 0.1 M when the additive stabilization of the protein in the liquid state is negligible. In all cases the reduction in Delta G degrees caused by the solidification of water correlates with the decrease in m-value entailing that protein-ice interactions generally conduct to partial unfolding of the native state. It is proposed that the remarkable effectiveness of TMAO to counter the ice perturbation is owed to binding of the osmolyte to ice, thereby inhibiting protein adsorption to the solid phase. Study holds ProTherm entries: 23210, 23211, 23212, 23213, 23214, 23215, 23216, 23217, 23218, 23219, 23220, 23221, 23222, 23223, 23224, 23225, 23226, 23227, 23228, 23229 Extra Details: VL = 100% (VL=[solutes]liquid/[solute]liquidus) thermodynamic stability, low-temperature, protective osmolytes, azurin mutant C112S, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Submission Details

ID: avDrCoQ53

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:54 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Strambini GB;Gonnelli M,Biochemistry (2008) Singular efficacy of trimethylamine N-oxide to counter protein destabilization in ice. PMID:18293933
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1AG0 1997-03-26T00:00:00+0000 2.4 STRUCTURE OF CYS 112 ASP AZURIN FROM PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
1AZN 1994-05-27T00:00:00+0000 2.6 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE AZURIN MUTANT PHE114ALA FROM PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA AT 2.6 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1AZR 1993-03-04T00:00:00+0000 2.4 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA ZINC AZURIN MUTANT ASP47ASP AT 2.4 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1AZU 1980-08-04T00:00:00+0000 2.7 STRUCTURAL FEATURES OF AZURIN AT 2.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1BEX 1998-05-18T00:00:00+0000 2.3 STRUCTURE OF RUTHENIUM-MODIFIED PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA AZURIN
1CC3 1999-03-03T00:00:00+0000 1.65 PURPLE CUA CENTER
1E5Y 2000-08-04T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, reduced form, pH 5.5
1E5Z 2000-08-04T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, reduced form, pH 9.0
1E65 2000-08-08T00:00:00+0000 1.85 Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, apo form
1E67 2000-08-09T00:00:00+0000 2.14 Zn-Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Azurin P00282 AZUR_PSEAE
99.2 Azurin B3EWN9 AZUR_PSEAI