Site-specific mutagenesis has been used to probe amino acid residues proposed to be critical in catalysis by Escherichia coli asparaginase II. Thr12 is conserved in all known asparaginases. The catalytic constant of a T12A mutant towards L-aspartic acid beta-hydroxamate was reduced to 0.04% of wild type activity, while its Km and stability against urea denaturation were unchanged. The mutant enzyme T12S exhibited almost normal activity but altered substrate specificity. Replacement of Thr119 with Ala led to a 90% decrease of activity without markedly affecting substrate binding. The mutant enzyme S122A showed normal catalytic function but impaired stability in urea solutions. These data indicate that the hydroxyl group of Thr12 is directly involved in catalysis, probably by favorably interacting with a transition state or intermediate. By contrast, Thr119 and Ser122, both putative target sites of the inactivator DONV, are functionally less important. Study holds ProTherm entries: 9876, 9877, 9878, 9879, 9880 Extra Details: asparaginase II; Escherichia coli ; mutagenesis; serine; threonine
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:39 p.m.
|Number of data points||5|
|Proteins||L-asparaginase 2 ; L-asparaginase 2|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence LPNITILATGGTIAGGGDSATKSNYTVGKVGVENLVNAVPQLKDIANVKGEQVVNIGSQDMNDNVWLTLAKKINTDCDKTDGFVITHGTDTMEETAYFLDLTVKCDKPVVMVGAMRPSTSMSADGPFNLYNAVVTAADKASANRGVLVVMNDTVLDGRDVTKTNTTDVATFKSVNYGPLGYIHNGKIDYQRTPARKHTSDTPFDVSKLNELPKVGIVYNYANASDLPAKALVDAGYDGIVSAGVGNGNLYKSVFDTLATAAKTGTAVVRSSRVPTGATTQDAEVDDAKYGFVASGTLNPQKARVLLQLALTQTKDPQQIQQIFNQY|