Crystal structures of mutants of Thermus thermophilus IPMDH adapted to low temperatures.


Abstract

Random mutagenesis on thermophilic 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenases (IPMDH; EC 1.1.1.85) produced mutant enzymes which adapt to low temperatures. These mutants had higher activity at lower temperatures than the wild-type enzyme without losing high thermostability. Here we report three structures of the mutants of Thermus thermophilus IPMDH determined by X-ray diffraction which was adapted to a low-temperature environment. Two of them have unstable coenzyme binding states and the other one probably has a stable substrate binding state. The present research suggests that the adaptation is correlated with the binding of either coenzyme or the substrate. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10880, 10881, 10882, 10883 Extra Details: cold-adapted mutants; 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase;,thermal stability; Thermus thermophilus; structural analysis

Submission Details

ID: Z87D8EFG3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:41 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Hirose R;Suzuki T;Moriyama H;Sato T;Yamagishi A;Oshima T;Tanaka N,Protein Eng. (2001) Crystal structures of mutants of Thermus thermophilus IPMDH adapted to low temperatures. PMID:11297665
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
2Y3Z 2011-01-19 1.83 Structure of Isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus - apo enzyme
4F7I 2012-06-13 2.0 Structure of Isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus in complex with IPM, Mn and NADH
4WUO 2014-11-12 2.05 Structure of the E270A Mutant Isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus in complex with IPM, Mn and NADH
1XAA 1996-04-03 2.1 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE, LOW TEMPERATURE (100K) STRUCTURE
1G2U 2000-11-01 2.1 THE STRUCTURE OF THE MUTANT, A172V, OF 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE FROM THERMUS THERMOPHILUS HB8 : ITS THERMOSTABILITY AND STRUCTURE.
1XAC 1996-04-03 2.1 CHIMERA ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE BETWEEN BACILLUS SUBTILIS (M) AND THERMUS THERMOPHILUS (T) FROM N-TERMINAL: 20% T MIDDLE 20% M RESIDUAL 60% T, MUTATED AT S82R. LOW TEMPERATURE (100K) STRUCTURE.
1XAD 1996-04-03 2.1 CHIMERA ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE BETWEEN BACILLUS SUBTILIS (M) AND THERMUS THERMOPHILUS (T) FROM N-TERMINAL: 20% T MIDDLE 20% M RESIDUAL 60% T, MUTATED AT S82R. LOW TEMPERATURE (150K) STRUCTURE.
1XAB 1996-04-03 2.1 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE, LOW TEMPERATURE (150K) STRUCTURE
1IPD 1993-10-31 2.2 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF A HIGHLY THERMOSTABLE ENZYME, 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE OF THERMUS THERMOPHILUS AT 2.2 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
2Y41 2011-01-19 2.2 Structure of Isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus - complex with IPM and MN
1IDM 1995-09-15 2.2 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE, LOOP-DELETED CHIMERA
1DR0 2000-01-19 2.2 STRUCTURE OF MODIFIED 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE AT THE C-TERMINUS, HD708
1WAL 1999-05-25 2.27 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE (IPMDH) MUTANT (M219A)FROM THERMUS THERMOPHILUS
1GC9 2000-09-27 2.3 THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THERMUS THERMOPHILUS 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE MUTATED AT 172TH FROM ALA TO GLY
1OSJ 1997-01-27 2.35 STRUCTURE OF 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE
1GC8 2000-09-27 2.5 THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THERMUS THERMOPHILUS 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE MUTATED AT 172TH FROM ALA TO PHE
2Y40 2011-01-19 2.5 Structure of Isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus - complex with Mn
2Y42 2011-01-19 2.5 Structure of Isopropylmalate dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus - complex with NADH and Mn
1HEX 1994-12-20 2.5 STRUCTURE OF 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE IN COMPLEX WITH NAD+: LIGAND-INDUCED LOOP-CLOSING AND MECHANISM FOR COFACTOR SPECIFICITY
1DR8 2000-01-19 2.7 STRUCTURE OF MODIFIED 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE AT THE C-TERMINUS, HD177
2ZTW 2009-10-13 2.79 Structure of 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase in complex with the inhibitor and NAD+
1DPZ 2000-01-12 2.8 STRUCTURE OF MODIFIED 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE AT THE C-TERMINUS, HD711
1OSI 1997-01-27 3.0 STRUCTURE OF 3-ISOPROPYLMALATE DEHYDROGENASE

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
91.9 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase P24098 LEU3_THEAQ
100.0 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase P61495 LEU3_THETH
99.4 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase P61494 LEU3_THET2
100.0 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase Q5SIY4 LEU3_THET8