Comparison of local and global stability of an analogue of a disulfide-folding intermediate with those of the wild-type protein in bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A: identification of specific regions of stable structure along the oxidative folding pathway.


Abstract

We have identified specific regions of the polypeptide chain of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (RNase A) that are critical for stabilizing the oxidative folding intermediate des-[40-95] (with three native disulfide bonds but lacking the fourth native Cys40-Cys95 disulfide bond) in an ensemble of largely disordered three-disulfide precursors (3S if des-[40-95]). A stable analogue of des-[40-95], viz., [C40A, C95A] RNase A, which contains three out of four native disulfide pairings, was previously found to have a three-dimensional structure very similar to that of the wild-type protein. However, it is determined here from GdnHCl denaturation experiments to have significantly reduced global stability, i.e., = 4.5 kcal /mol at 20 degrees C and pH 4.6. The local stability of [C40A, C95A] RNase A was also examined using site-specific amide (2)H/(1)H exchange measurements at pD 5.0 to determine the individual unfolding free energy of specific residues under both strongly native (12 degrees C) and more destabilizing (20 degrees C) conditions. Comparison of the relative stabilities at specific amide sites of [C40A, C95A] RNase A at both temperatures with the corresponding values for the wild-type protein at 35 degrees C corroborates previous experimental evidence that unidentified intramolecular contacts in the vicinity of the preferentially formed native one-disulfide (C65-C72) loop are crucial for stabilizing early folding intermediates, leading to des-[40-95]. Moreover, values of for residues at or near the third alpha-helix, and in part of the second beta-sheet of [C40A, C95A] RNase A, indicate that these two regions of regular backbone structure contribute to stabilizing the global chain fold of the des-[40-95] disulfide-folding intermediate in the wild-type protein. More significantly, we have identified numerous specific residues in the first alpha-helix and the first beta-sheet of the protein that are stabilized in the final step of the major oxidative regeneration pathway of RNase A (des-[40-95] --> N). Study holds ProTherm entries: 5880, 5881, 5882, 5883, 5884, 5885, 5886, 5887 Extra Details:

Submission Details

ID: Y2TveaA5

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:31 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Laity JH;Montelione GT;Scheraga HA,Biochemistry (1999) Comparison of local and global stability of an analogue of a disulfide-folding intermediate with those of the wild-type protein in bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A: identification of specific regions of stable structure along the oxidative folding pathway. PMID:10600104
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
6QMN 2019-02-07T00:00:00+0000 2.31 Crystal structure of a Ribonuclease A-Onconase chimera
1A2W 1998-01-12T00:00:00+0000 2.1 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A 3D DOMAIN-SWAPPED DIMER OF BOVINE PANCREATIC RIBONUCLEASE A
1A5P 1998-02-17T00:00:00+0000 1.6 C[40,95]A VARIANT OF BOVINE PANCREATIC RIBONUCLEASE A
1A5Q 1998-02-17T00:00:00+0000 2.3 P93A VARIANT OF BOVINE PANCREATIC RIBONUCLEASE A
1AFK 1997-03-08T00:00:00+0000 1.7 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE A IN COMPLEX WITH 5'-DIPHOSPHOADENOSINE-3'-PHOSPHATE
1AFL 1997-03-08T00:00:00+0000 1.7 RIBONUCLEASE A IN COMPLEX WITH 5'-DIPHOSPHOADENOSINE 2'-PHOSPHATE AT 1.7 ANGSTROM RESOLUTION
1AFU 1997-03-14T00:00:00+0000 2.0 STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE A AT 2.0 ANGSTROMS FROM MONOCLINIC CRYSTALS
1AQP 1997-07-31T00:00:00+0000 2.0 RIBONUCLEASE A COPPER COMPLEX
1B6V 1999-01-18T00:00:00+0000 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A HYBRID BETWEEN RIBONUCLEASE A AND BOVINE SEMINAL RIBONUCLEASE
1BEL 1995-12-21T00:00:00+0000 1.6 HYDROLASE PHOSPHORIC DIESTER, RNA

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic Q29606 RNAS1_ORYLE
90.3 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00662 RNAS1_GIRCA
92.7 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00668 RNAS1_ANTAM
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00660 RNAS1_CONTA
93.5 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07848 RNAS1_EUDTH
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07847 RNAS1_AEPME
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00657 RNAS1_BUBBU
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67927 RNAS1_SHEEP
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67926 RNAS1_CAPHI
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61823 RNAS1_BOVIN
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61824 RNAS1_BISBI