Critical role of beta-hairpin formation in protein G folding.


Abstract

Comparison of the folding mechanisms of proteins with similar structures but very different sequences can provide fundamental insights into the determinants of protein folding mechanisms. Despite very little sequence similarity, the approximately 60 residue IgG binding domains of protein G and protein L both consist of a single helix packed against a four-stranded sheet formed by two symmetrically disposed beta-hairpins. We demonstrate that, as in the case of protein L, one of the two beta-turns of protein G is formed and the other disrupted in the folding transition state. Unlike protein L, however, in protein G it is the second beta-turn that is formed in the folding transition state ensemble. Substitution of an Asp residue by Ala in protein G that eliminates an i,i+2 side chain-main chain hydrogen bond in the second beta-turn slows the folding rate approximately 20-fold but has virtually no effect on the unfolding rate. Taken together with previous results, these findings suggest that the presence of an intact beta-turn in the folding transition state is a consequence of the overall topology of protein L and protein G, but the particular hairpin that is formed is determined by the detailed interatomic interactions that determine the free energies of formation of the isolated beta-hairpins.

Submission Details

ID: Xmzr529t

Submitter: Admin Admin

Submission Date: Aug. 4, 2017, 12:16 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
McCallister EL;Alm E;Baker D,Nat Struct Biol (2000) Critical role of beta-hairpin formation in protein G folding. PMID:10932252
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1EM7 2000-03-16T00:00:00+0000 2.0 HELIX VARIANT OF THE B1 DOMAIN FROM STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G
1GB1 1991-05-15T00:00:00+0000 0 A NOVEL, HIGHLY STABLE FOLD OF THE IMMUNOGLOBULIN BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G
1IGC 1994-08-05T00:00:00+0000 2.6 IGG1 FAB FRAGMENT (MOPC21) COMPLEX WITH DOMAIN III OF PROTEIN G FROM STREPTOCOCCUS
1IGD 1994-08-05T00:00:00+0000 1.1 THE THIRD IGG-BINDING DOMAIN FROM STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G: AN ANALYSIS BY X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF THE STRUCTURE ALONE AND IN A COMPLEX WITH FAB
1LE3 2002-04-09T00:00:00+0000 0 NMR Structure of Tryptophan Zipper 4: A Stable Beta-Hairpin Peptide Based on the C-terminal Hairpin of the B1 Domain of Protein G
1MPE 2002-09-12T00:00:00+0000 0 Ensemble of 20 structures of the tetrameric mutant of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G
1MVK 2002-09-25T00:00:00+0000 2.5 X-ray structure of the tetrameric mutant of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G
1PGA 1993-11-23T00:00:00+0000 2.07 TWO CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE B1 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON WITH NMR
1PGB 1993-11-23T00:00:00+0000 1.92 TWO CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE B1 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCCOCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON WITH NMR
1PGX 1992-04-03T00:00:00+0000 1.66 THE 1.66 ANGSTROMS X-RAY STRUCTURE OF THE B2 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON TO THE NMR STRUCTURE OF THE B1 DOMAIN

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G P06654 SPG1_STRSG
100.0 Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G P19909 SPG2_STRSG