Structural similarity between ornithine and aspartate transcarbamoylases of Escherichia coli: characterization of the active site and evidence for an interdomain carboxy-terminal helix in ornithine transcarbamoylase.


Abstract

Predictions of tertiary structures of proteins from their amino acid sequences are facilitated greatly when the structures of homologous proteins are known. On this basis, structural features of Escherichia coli ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTCase) were investigated by site-directed mutagenesis experiments based on the known tertiary structure of the catalytic (c) chain of E. coli aspartate transcarbamoylase (ATCase). In ATCase, each c chain is composed of two globular domains connected by two interdomain helices, one of which is near the C-terminus and is critical for the in vivo folding of the chains and their assembly into trimers. Each active site is located at the interface between two chains and requires the participation of residues from each of the adjacent chains. OTCase, a trimeric enzyme, has been proposed to be similar in structure to the ATCase trimer on the basis of sequence identity (32%), the nature of the reaction catalyzed by the enzyme, and secondary structure predictions. As shown here, analysis of OTCase and ATCase sequences revealed extensive evolutionary conservation in portions corresponding to the ATCase active site and the C-terminal helix. Truncations and substitutions within the predicted C-terminal helix of OTCase had effects on activity and thermal stability strikingly similar to those caused by analogous alterations in ATCase. Similarly, substitutions at either of two conserved residues, Ser 55 and Lys 86, in the proposed active site of OTCase had deleterious effects parallel to those caused by the analogous ATCase substitutions. Hybrid trimers comprised of chains from both these relatively inactive OTCase mutants exhibited dramatically increased activity, as predicted for shared active sites located at the chain interfaces. These results strongly support the hypothesis that the tertiary and quaternary structures of the two enzymes are similar. Study holds ProTherm entries: 9284, 9285, 9286, 9287, 9288 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(0.2 mM),beta mercaptoethanol(5 mM) was added in the experiment C-terminal helix; homology; shared active sites;,structure prediction

Submission Details

ID: XZPs4spU3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:37 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Murata LB;Schachman HK,Protein Sci. (1996) Structural similarity between ornithine and aspartate transcarbamoylases of Escherichia coli: characterization of the active site and evidence for an interdomain carboxy-terminal helix in ornithine transcarbamoylase. PMID:8845761
Additional Information

Sequence Assay Result Units