Guanidine induced equilibrium and kinetic folding of a variant of green fluorescent protein (F99S/M153T/V163A, GFPuv) was studied. Using manual mixing and stopped-flow techniques, we combined different probes, including tryptophan fluorescence, chromophore fluorescence and reactivity with DTNB, to trace the spontaneous and TF-assisted folding of guanidine denatured GFPuv. We found that both unfolding and refolding of GFPuv occurred in a stepwise manner and a stable intermediate was populated under equilibrium conditions. The thermodynamic parameters obtained show that the intermediate state of GFPuv is quite compact compared to the denatured state and most of the green fluorescence is retained in this state. By studying GFPuv folding assisted by TF and a number of TF mutants, we found that wild-type TF catalyzes proline isomerization and accelerates the folding rate at low TF concentrations, but retards GFPuv folding and decelerates the folding rate at high TF concentrations. This reflects the two activities of TF, as an enzyme and as a chaperone. A general mechanism of TF assisted protein folding is discussed. Study holds ProTherm entries: 23279, 23280, 23281, 23282, 23283 Extra Details: Trp fluorescenceb, 1 mM EDTA and 5 mM or 1 mM DTT added in the experiment Green fluorescent protein GFP, Aequorea victoria, Trigger factor, folding, chemical denaturation.
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:54 p.m.
|Number of data points
|Green fluorescent protein ; Green fluorescent protein
|Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O
|Mutations for sequence ASKGEELFTGVVPILVELDGDVNGHKFSVSGEGEGDATYGKLTLKFICTTGKLPVPWPTLVTTFSYGVQCFSRYPDHMKRHDFFKSAMPEGYVQERTIFFKDDGNYKTRAEVKFEGDTLVNRIELKGIDFKEDGNILGHKLEYNYNSHNVYIMADKQKNGIKVNFKIRHNIEDGSVQLADHYQQNTPIGDGPVLLPDNHYLSTQSALSKDPNEKRDHMVLLEFVTAAGITHGMDELYK
|Green fluorescent protein