Temperature-induced changes of the states of beta-lactoglobulin have been studied calorimetrically. In the presence of a high concentration of urea this protein shows not only heat but also cold denaturation. Its heat denaturation is approximated very closely by a two-state transition, while the cold denaturation deviates considerably from the two-state transition and this deviation increases as the temperature decreases. The heat effect of cold denaturation is opposite in sign to that of heat denaturation and is noticeably larger in magnitude. This difference in magnitude is caused by the temperature-dependent negative heat effect of additional binding of urea to the polypeptide chain of the protein upon its unfolding, which decreases the positive enthalpy of heat denaturation and increases the negative enthalpy of cold denaturation. The binding of urea considerably increases the partial heat capacity of the protein, especially in the denatured state. However, when corrected for the heat capacity effect of urea binding, the partial heat capacity of the denatured protein is close in magnitude to that expected for the unfolded polypeptide chain in aqueous solution without urea but only for temperatures below 10 degrees C. At higher temperatures, the heat capacity of the denatured protein is lower than that expected for the unfolded polypeptide chain. It appears that at temperatures above 10 degrees C not all the surface of the beta-lactoglobulin polypeptide chain is exposed to the solvent, even in the presence of 6 M urea; i.e., the denatured protein is not completely unfolded and unfolds only at temperatures lower than 10 degrees C.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 2783, 2784, 2785 Extra Details: measurement was made in the presence of 0.1M KCl/HCl beta-lactoglobulin; heat and cold denaturation; calorimetric study;,partial heat capacity; protein unfolding
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:19 p.m.
|Number of data points||9|
|Proteins||Beta-lactoglobulin ; Beta-lactoglobulin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dCp buffers:Sodium phosphate: 0.2 M ; Experimental Assay: Tm buffers:Sodium phosphate: 0.2 M ; Experimental Assay: dHvH buffers:Sodium phosphate: 0.2 M ; Experimental Assay: dCp buffers:Sodium phosphate: 0.1 M ; Experimental Assay: Tm buffers:Sodium phosphate: 0.1 M ; Experimental Assay: dHvH buffers:Sodium phosphate: 0.1 M ; Experimental Assay: dCp buffers:KCl-HCl: 0.1 M ; Experimental Assay: Tm buffers:KCl-HCl: 0.1 M ; Experimental Assay: dHvH buffers:KCl-HCl: 0.1 M|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence LIVTQTMKGLDIQKVAGTWYSLAMAASDISLLDAQSAPLRVYVEELKPTPEGDLEILLQKWENGECAQKKIIAEKTKIPAVFKIDALNENKVLVLDTDYKKYLLFCMENSAEPEQSLACQCLVRTPEVDDEALEKFDKALKALPMHIRLSFNPTQLEEQCHI|