Cooperativity in the unfolding transitions of cysteine proteinases. Calorimetric study of the heat denaturation of chymopapain and papain.


Abstract

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was employed to study the thermal unfolding of chymopapain (EC 3.4.22.6) and papain (EC 3.4.22.2), two highly homologous cysteine proteinases from Carica papaya. Under all pH conditions used, both enzymes showed irreversible thermal denaturation. However, results from experiments performed at two different scanning rates suggest that interpretation of data in terms of equilibrium thermodynamics is not unreasonable. For papain, the ratio of calorimetric (delta Hcal) to van't Hoff (delta HvH) enthalpies approximated to 2.0. This value indicates that papain domains unfold almost independently, as it has been reported previously. In contrast, chymopapain displayed a more cooperative behavior with a delta Hcal to delta HvH ratio of 1.3-1.4. DSC curves were analyzed in terms of a mechanism that includes domain-domain interactions. The results showed a negligible interdomain free energy in the case of papain, but a significant value of approx. 1.0 kcal/mol (1 cal = 4.184 J) for chymopapain. These two proteins also differed in the unfolding heat-capacity change, delta Cp, which suggests that their native structures bury different amounts of nonpolar surface area. Study holds ProTherm entries: 9885, 9886, 9887, 9888, 9889, 9890, 9891, 9892, 9893, 9894, 9895, 9896, 9897 Extra Details: cysteine proteinases; papaindomains domain-domaininteractions;,nonpolar surface area

Submission Details

ID: WQeyaUrE3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:39 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Solís-Mendiola S;Rojo-Domínguez A;Hernández-Arana A,Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1993) Cooperativity in the unfolding transitions of cysteine proteinases. Calorimetric study of the heat denaturation of chymopapain and papain. PMID:8218380
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