A relationship between protein stability and protein function.


Abstract

Enzymes are thought to use their ordered structures to facilitate catalysis. A corollary of this theory suggests that enzyme residues involved in function are not optimized for stability. We tested this hypothesis by mutating functionally important residues in the active site of T4 lysozyme. Six mutations at two catalytic residues, Glu-11 and Asp-20, abolished or reduced enzymatic activity but increased thermal stability by 0.7-1.7 kcal.mol-1. Nine mutations at two substrate-binding residues, Ser-117 and Asn-132, increased stability by 1.2-2.0 kcal.mol-1, again at the cost of reduced activity. X-ray crystal structures show that the substituted residues complement regions of the protein surface that are used for substrate recognition in the native enzyme. In two of these structures the enzyme undergoes a general conformational change, similar to that seen in an enzyme-product complex. These results support a relationship between stability and function for T4 lysozyme. Other evidence suggests that the relationship is general. Study holds ProTherm entries: 1444, 1445, 1446, 1447, 1448, 1449, 1450, 1451, 1452, 1453, 1454, 1455, 1456, 1457, 1458, 1459, 1460, 1461, 1462, 1463, 1464, 1465, 1466, 13768, 13769, 13770, 13771, 13772, 13773, 13774, 13775, 13776, 13777, 13778, 13779, 13780, 13781, 13782, 13783, 13784, 13785, 13786, 13787, 13788 Extra Details: T4 lysozyme; protein stability; protein function;,enzymatic activity; conformational change

Submission Details

ID: VmGuwa8C4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:17 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Shoichet BK;Baase WA;Kuroki R;Matthews BW,Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) A relationship between protein stability and protein function. PMID:7831309
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
102L 1992-09-29T00:00:00+0000 1.74 HOW AMINO-ACID INSERTIONS ARE ALLOWED IN AN ALPHA-HELIX OF T4 LYSOZYME
103L 1992-09-29T00:00:00+0000 1.9 HOW AMINO-ACID INSERTIONS ARE ALLOWED IN AN ALPHA-HELIX OF T4 LYSOZYME
104L 1992-09-29T00:00:00+0000 2.8 HOW AMINO-ACID INSERTIONS ARE ALLOWED IN AN ALPHA-HELIX OF T4 LYSOZYME
107L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
108L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
109L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.85 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
110L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.7 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
111L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
112L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME
113L 1992-12-17T00:00:00+0000 1.8 STRUCTURAL BASIS OF ALPHA-HELIX PROPENSITY AT TWO SITES IN T4 LYSOZYME

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Endolysin P00720 ENLYS_BPT4