Role of the minor energetic determinants of chicken egg white lysozyme (HEWL) to the stability of the HEWL.antibody scFv-10 complex.


Seven of the 13 non-glycine contact amino acids in the hen (chicken) egg white lysozyme (HEWL) epitope for antibody Fab-10 each contribute < or =0.3 kcal/mol to the change in free energy (DeltaDeltaG(D)) from wild type (WT) when replaced by alanine (nullspots), and three others each give (0.7 < DeltaDeltaG(D) < or = 1. 0) kcal/mol (warm spots) (Rajpal et al. Protein Sci 1998;7:1868-1874). The low DeltaDeltaG(D) values introduced by alanine mutations present an opportunity to explore accurately their cumulative effects, as the sum of the combined DeltaDeltaG(D) values is not so large as to destabilize the complex beyond the range of accurate measurement. Substitution of six of the seven null spot residues by alanine leads to a cumulative DeltaDeltaG(D) = 2.25 +/- 0.04 kcal/mol, whereas the sum of the six individual changes is only -0.36 +/- 0.32 kcal/mol. The triple warm spot mutation generates a DeltaDeltaG(D) = 5.11 +/- 0.06 kcal/mol versus DeltaDeltaG(D) = 2.52 +/- 0.22 kcal/mol for the sum of the three individuals. The non-additivity in the individual DeltaDeltaG(D) values for the alanine mutations may indicate that these residues provide a conformationally stabilizing effect on the hot spot residues, each of which exhibits DeltaDeltaG(D) > 4.0 kcal/mol on alanine substitution. Study holds ProTherm entries: 8037, 8038, 8039, 8040, 8041, 8042, 10286 Extra Details: hen egg white lysozyme; monoclonal antibody HyHEL-10;,association dissociation kinetics; multiple alanine mutations

Submission Details

ID: UwLDVwez

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:35 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Rajpal A;Kirsch JF,Proteins (2000) Role of the minor energetic determinants of chicken egg white lysozyme (HEWL) to the stability of the HEWL.antibody scFv-10 complex. PMID:10813830
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Lysozyme C P00698 LYSC_CHICK
96.9 Lysozyme C P00700 LYSC_COLVI
96.9 Lysozyme C P00699 LYSC_CALCC
96.9 Lysozyme C Q7LZQ0 LYSC_CATWA
96.9 Lysozyme C Q7LZP9 LYSC_LOPIM
96.1 Lysozyme C Q7LZI3 LYSC_TRASA
95.3 Lysozyme C P00701 LYSC_COTJA
96.1 Lysozyme C P19849 LYSC_PAVCR
95.3 Lysozyme C P22910 LYSC_CHRAM
95.3 Lysozyme C Q7LZT2 LYSC_TRATE
95.2 Lysozyme C P00703 LYSC_MELGA
92.2 Lysozyme C P00704 LYSC_NUMME
93.0 Lysozyme C P24364 LYSC_LOPLE
94.6 Lysozyme C P24533 LYSC_SYRRE
93.2 Lysozyme C P00702 LYSC_PHACO
93.0 Lysozyme C P81711 LYSC_SYRSO
92.3 Lysozyme C P49663 LYSC_PHAVE