The role of proline in the stability and kinetics of folding of wild-type staphylococcal nuclease and its P117G, P117T, and P31A mutants was examined as a function of guanidinium thiocyanate (Gdn-SCN) concentration. Replacement of Pro-117 with Gly or Thr caused small increases in stability, whereas substitution of Pro-31 by Ala led to a small decrease in stability. The slopes of the plots of delta G against denaturant concentration (m) for the mutant proteins are significantly smaller than for the wild-type, suggesting a decrease in the solvent-accessible surface area of the denatured state relative to that of the wild-type. The rates of unfolding and refolding were monitored using tryptophan fluorescence. The kinetic traces for refolding in the presence of Gdn-SCN were triphasic for the wild-type protein and P31A but biphasic for P117G and P117T mutants. The slower phases were typically 10% of the total amplitude except in the transition region. The rates of the fastest and medium phases of the wild-type were essentially unaffected by the mutations. Double-jump experiments in which the protein was unfolded in a high concentration of denaturant for a short time period and then refolded to final Gdn-SCN concentrations near the Cm revealed a fast increase in fluorescence emission corresponding to formation of the native state, followed by a slower decrease with an amplitude that varied with the guanidine concentration and time of unfolding.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 302, 303, 304, 305 Extra Details: staphylococcal nuclease; kinetics of folding; proline mutations;,solvent-accessible surface area; stability
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:15 p.m.
|Number of data points||15|
|Proteins||Thermonuclease ; Thermonuclease ; Thermonuclease ; Thermonuclease|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O ; Derived Quantity: ddG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence ATSTKKLHKEPATLIKAIDGDTVKLMYKGQPMTFRLLLVDTPETKHPKKGVEKYGPEASAFTKKMVENAKKIEVEFDKGQRTDKYGRGLAYIYADGKMVNEALVRQGLAKVAYVYKPNNTHEQHLRKSEAQAKKEKLNIWSEDNADSGQ|