Monoclonal antibodies developed for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes need to demonstrate highly defined binding specificity profiles. Engineering of an antibody to enhance or reduce binding to related antigens is often needed to achieve the desired biologic activity without safety concern. Here, we describe a deep sequencing-aided engineering strategy to fine-tune the specificity of an angiopoietin-2 (Ang2)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) dual action Fab, 5A12.1 for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. This antibody utilizes overlapping complementarity-determining region (CDR) sites for dual Ang2/VEGF interaction with KD in the sub-nanomolar range. However, it also exhibits significant (KD of 4 nM) binding to angiopoietin-1, which has high sequence identity with Ang2. We generated a large phage-displayed library of 5A12.1 Fab variants with all possible single mutations in the 6 CDRs. By tracking the change of prevalence of each mutation during various selection conditions, we identified 35 mutations predicted to decrease the affinity for Ang1 while maintaining the affinity for Ang2 and VEGF. We confirmed the specificity profiles for 25 of these single mutations as Fab protein. Structural analysis showed that some of the Fab mutations cluster near a potential Ang1/2 epitope residue that differs in the 2 proteins, while others are up to 15 Å away from the antigen-binding site and likely influence the binding interaction remotely. The approach presented here provides a robust and efficient method for specificity engineering that does not require prior knowledge of the antigen antibody interaction and can be broadly applied to antibody specificity engineering projects.
Submitter: Shu-Ching Ou
Submission Date: Nov. 30, 2018, 3:44 p.m.
|Number of data points||185|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Binding: kon ; Experimental Assay: Binding: koff ; Experimental Assay: Binding: Kd ; Experimental Assay: Thermal Stability: Tm ; Experimental Assay: Nonspecific binding: Baculovirus ELISA|
|Libraries||variants for 5A12_VEGF ; variants for 5A12_Ang2 ; variants for 5A12_Ang1 ; variants for 5A12|