Folding of staphylococcal nuclease A studied by equilibrium and kinetic circular dichroism spectra.


Abstract

The urea-induced unfolding of staphylococcal nuclease A has been studied by circular dichroism both at equilibrium and by the kinetics of unfolding and refolding (pH 7.0 and 4.5 degrees C), as a function of Ca2+ and thymidine 3',5'-diphosphate (pdTp) concentration. The results are as follows. (1) The unfolding transition is shifted to higher concentrations of urea by Ca2+ and pdTp, and the presence of both ligands further stabilizes the protein. (2) In the first stage of kinetic refolding, the peptide ellipticity changes rapidly within the dead time of stopped-flow measurement (15 ms), indicating accumulation of a transient intermediate. This intermediate is remarkably less stable than those of other globular proteins previously studied. (3) Dependence of the folding and unfolding rate constants on urea concentration indicates that the critical activated state of folding ("transition state") has considerable structural organization. The transition state does not, however, have the capacity to bind Ca2+ and pdTp, as indicated by the effects of these ligands on the unfolding rate constant. (4) There are at least four different phases in the refolding kinetics in native conditions below 1 M urea. In the absence of pdTp, there are two phases in unfolding, while in the presence of pdTp the unfolding kinetics show a single phase. Some characteristics of the transient intermediate and of the transition state for folding are discussed. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3886 Extra Details: EGTA(1 mM) was added in the experiment peptide ellipticity; transient intermediate;,structural organization; refolding kinetics

Submission Details

ID: TYgmjtsb3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:23 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Sugawara T;Kuwajima K;Sugai S,Biochemistry (1991) Folding of staphylococcal nuclease A studied by equilibrium and kinetic circular dichroism spectra. PMID:2001357
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
4WRD 2014-10-23T00:00:00+0000 1.65 Crystal structure of Staphylcoccal nulease variant Delta+PHS V66E L125E at cryogenic temperature
2LKV 2011-10-21T00:00:00+0000 0 Staphylococcal Nuclease PHS variant
2M00 2012-10-14T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution structure of staphylococcal nuclease E43S mutant in the presence of ssDNA and Cd2+
2OXP 2007-02-20T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal Structure of Staphylococcal Nuclease mutant V66D/P117G/H124L/S128A
3D4W 2008-05-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS A109R at cryogenic temperature
3D8G 2008-05-23T00:00:00+0000 1.99 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS I72R at cryogenic temperature
3MVV 2010-05-04T00:00:00+0000 1.72 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS F34A at cryogenic temperature
3QOJ 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.6 Cryogenic structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23K
3QOL 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23E at pH 6 determined at 100 K
3R3O 2011-03-16T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS T62A at cryogenic temperature and with high redundancy

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU