The conserved, buried aspartic acid in oxidized Escherichia coli thioredoxin has a pKa of 7.5. Its titration produces a related shift in global stability.


Abstract

Aspartic acid 26 in Escherichia coli thioredoxin is located at the bottom of a hydrophobic cavity, near the redox-active disulfide of the active site. Asp 26 is embedded in the protein except for part of the surface of one carboxyl oxygen. The high degree of evolutionary conversion of Asp 26 suggests that it plays a critical role in thioredoxin function. We have determined the pKa of Asp 26 by a novel electrophoretic method based on the relative electrophoretic mobilities of wild-type thioredoxin and of D26A thioredoxin (with Asp 26 replaced by alanine). The pKa of Asp 26 determined by this technique is 7.5, more than 3 units above the pKa of a solvated carboxyl side chain. The titration of Asp 26 is thermodynamically linked to the stability of thioredoxin. As expected if thioredoxin stability depends on the ionization state of Asp 26, delta Go WT, the free energy of the cooperative denaturation reaction of wild-type thioredoxin by guanidine hydrochloride, varies with pH in a sigmoidal fashion in the vicinity of pH 7.5. Over the same pH range, the free energy for D26A folding, delta Go D26A, is pH independent and D26A is highly stabilized compared to wild type. From the thermodynamic cycle describing the linkage of Asp 26 titration to thioredoxin stability, the difference in free energy between wild-type thioredoxin with protonated Asp 26 and wild-type thioredoxin with deprotonated Asp 26, delta delta Go (COOH----COO-), is calculated to be 4.9 kcal/mol.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 3991, 3992, 3993, 3994, 3995, 3996, 3997, 3998, 3999, 4000, 4001 Extra Details: hydrophobic cavity; cooperative denaturation ;,electrostatic effects; protein stability

Submission Details

ID: TS2ndiVr3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:24 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Langsetmo K;Fuchs JA;Woodward C,Biochemistry (1991) The conserved, buried aspartic acid in oxidized Escherichia coli thioredoxin has a pKa of 7.5. Its titration produces a related shift in global stability. PMID:1854757
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
3DXB 2008-07-24T00:00:00+0000 2.2 Structure of the UHM domain of Puf60 fused to thioredoxin
5E4W 2015-10-07T00:00:00+0000 2.8 Crystal structure of cpSRP43 chromodomains 2 and 3 in complex with the Alb3 tail
5IKN 2016-03-03T00:00:00+0000 4.8 Crystal Structure of the T7 Replisome in the Absence of DNA
1F6M 2000-06-22T00:00:00+0000 2.95 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A COMPLEX BETWEEN THIOREDOXIN REDUCTASE, THIOREDOXIN, AND THE NADP+ ANALOG, AADP+
1KEB 2001-11-15T00:00:00+0000 1.8 Crystal Structure of Double Mutant M37L,P40S E.coli Thioredoxin
1M7T 2002-07-22T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution Structure and Dynamics of the Human-Escherichia coli Thioredoxin Chimera: Insights into Thermodynamic Stability
1OAZ 2003-01-21T00:00:00+0000 2.78 IgE Fv SPE7 complexed with a recombinant thioredoxin
1SKR 2004-03-05T00:00:00+0000 2.4 T7 DNA Polymerase Complexed To DNA Primer/Template and ddATP
1SKS 2004-03-05T00:00:00+0000 2.3 Binary 3' complex of T7 DNA polymerase with a DNA primer/template containing a cis-syn thymine dimer on the template
1SKW 2004-03-05T00:00:00+0000 2.3 Binary 3' complex of T7 DNA polymerase with a DNA primer/template containing a disordered cis-syn thymine dimer on the template

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA27 THIO_ECO57
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA26 THIO_ECOL6
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA25 THIO_ECOLI
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA29 THIO_SALTI
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA28 THIO_SALTY
100.0 Thioredoxin 1 P0AA30 THIO_SHIFL