Unfolding and refolding of Escherichia coli chaperonin GroES is expressed by a three-state model.


Abstract

The guanidine-hydrochloride (Gdn-HCl) induced unfolding and refolding characteristics of the co-chaperonin GroES from Escherichia coli, a homoheptamer of subunit molecular mass 10,000 Da, were studied by using intrinsic fluorescence, 1-anilino-8-naphthalene sulfonate (ANS) binding, and size-exclusion HPLC. When monitored by tyrosine fluorescence, the unfolding reaction of GroES consisted of a single transition, with a transition midpoint at around 1.0 M Gdn-HCl. Interestingly, however, ANS binding and size-exclusion HPLC experiments strongly suggested the existence of an intermediate state in the transition. In order to confirm the existence of an intermediate state between the native heptameric and unfolded monomeric states, a tryptophan residue was introduced into the interface of GroES subunits as a fluorescent probe. The unfolding reaction of GroES I48W as monitored by tryptophyl fluorescence showed a single transition curve with a transition midpoint at 0.5 M Gdn-HCl. This unfolding transition curve as well as the refolding kinetics were dependent on the concentration of GroES protein. CD spectrum and size-exclusion HPLC experiments demonstrated that the intermediates assumed a partially folded conformation at around 0.5 M Gdn-HCl. The refolding of GroES protein from 3 M Gdn-HCl was probed functionally by measuring the extent of inhibition of GroEL ATPase activity and the enhancement of lactate dehydrogenase refolding yields in the presence of GroEL and ADP. These results clearly demonstrated that the GroES heptamer first dissociated to monomers and then unfolded completely upon increasing the concentration of Gdn-HCl, and that both transitions were reversible. From the thermodynamic analysis of the dissociation reaction, it was found that the partially folded monomer was only marginally stable and that the stability of GroES protein is governed mostly by the association of the subunits. Study holds ProTherm entries: 6331, 6332 Extra Details: GroES; cpn10; stability; unfolding and refolding;,reversible; folding transition

Submission Details

ID: TFufKbfJ3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:31 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Higurashi T;Nosaka K;Mizobata T;Nagai J;Kawata Y,J. Mol. Biol. (1999) Unfolding and refolding of Escherichia coli chaperonin GroES is expressed by a three-state model. PMID:10448048
Additional Information

Number of data points 2
Proteins 60 kDa chaperonin ; 10 kDa chaperonin
Unique complexes 2
Assays/Quantities/Protocols Experimental Assay: dG_H2O
Libraries Mutations for sequence A:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/B:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/C:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/D:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/E:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/F:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/G:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/H:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/I:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/J:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/K:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/L:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/M:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/N:AAKDVKFGNDARVKMLRGVNVLADAVKVTLGPKGRNVVLDKSFGAPTITKDGVSVAREIELEDKFENMGAQMVKEVASKANDAAGDGTTTATVLAQAIITEGLKAVAAGMNPMDLKRGIDKAVTAAVEELKALSVPCSDSKAIAQVGTISANSDETVGKLIAEAMDKVGKEGVITVEDGTGLQDELDVVEGMQFDRGYLSPYFINKPETGAVELESPFILLADKKISNIREMLPVLEAVAKAGKPLLIIAEDVEGEALATLVVNTMRGIVKVAAVKAPGFGDRRKAMLQDIATLTGGTVISEEIGMELEKATLEDLGQAKRVVINKDTTTIIDGVGEEAAIQGRVAQIRQQIEEATSDYDREKLQERVAKLAGGVAVIKVGAATEVEMKEKKARVEDALHATRAAVEEGVVAGGGVALIRVASKLADLRGQNEDQNVGIKVALRAMEAPLRQIVLNCGEEPSVVANTVKGGDGNYGYNAATEEYGNMIDMGILDPTKVTRSALQYAASVAGLMITTECMVTDLPKNDAADLGAAGGMGGMGGMGGMM/O:MNIRPLHDRVIVKRKEVETKSAGGIVLTGSAAAKSTRGEVLAVGNGRILENGEVKPLDVKVGDIVIFNDGYGVKSEKIDNEEVLIMSESDILAIVEA/P:MNIRPLHDRVIVKRKEVETKSAGGIVLTGSAAAKSTRGEVLAVGNGRILENGEVKPLDVKVGDIVIFNDGYGVKSEKIDNEEVLIMSESDILAIVEA/Q:MNIRPLHDRVIVKRKEVETKSAGGIVLTGSAAAKSTRGEVLAVGNGRILENGEVKPLDVKVGDIVIFNDGYGVKSEKIDNEEVLIMSESDILAIVEA/R:MNIRPLHDRVIVKRKEVETKSAGGIVLTGSAAAKSTRGEVLAVGNGRILENGEVKPLDVKVGDIVIFNDGYGVKSEKIDNEEVLIMSESDILAIVEA/S:MNIRPLHDRVIVKRKEVETKSAGGIVLTGSAAAKSTRGEVLAVGNGRILENGEVKPLDVKVGDIVIFNDGYGVKSEKIDNEEVLIMSESDILAIVEA/T:MNIRPLHDRVIVKRKEVETKSAGGIVLTGSAAAKSTRGEVLAVGNGRILENGEVKPLDVKVGDIVIFNDGYGVKSEKIDNEEVLIMSESDILAIVEA/U:MNIRPLHDRVIVKRKEVETKSAGGIVLTGSAAAKSTRGEVLAVGNGRILENGEVKPLDVKVGDIVIFNDGYGVKSEKIDNEEVLIMSESDILAIVEA
Sequence Assay Result Units