Cytidine deaminase from two extremophilic bacteria: cloning, expression and comparison of their structural stability.


We cloned, purified and characterized two extremophilic cytidine deaminases: CDA(Bcald) and CDA(Bpsy), isolated from Bacillus caldolyticus (growth at 72 degrees C) and Bacillus psychrophilus (growth at 10 degrees C), respectively. We compared their thermostability also with the mesophilic counterpart, CDA(Bsubt), isolated from Bacillus subtilis (growth at 37 degrees C). The DNA fragments encoding CDA(Bcald) and CDA(Bpsy) were sequenced and the deduced amino acid sequences showed 70% identity. High sequence similarity was also found with the mesophilic CDA(Bsubt). Both enzymes were found to be homotetramers of approximately 58 kDa. CDA(Bcald) was found to be highly thermostable, as expected, up to 65 degrees C, whereas CDA(Bpsy) showed higher specific activity at lower temperatures and was considerably less thermostable than CDA(Bcald). After partial denaturation at 72 degrees C for 30 min, followed by renaturation on ice, CDA(Bcald) recovered 100% of its enzymatic activity, whereas CDA(Bpsy) as well as CDA(Bsubt) were irreversibly inactivated. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra of CDA(Bcald) and CDA(Bpsy) at temperatures ranging from 10 to 95 degrees C showed a markedly different thermostability of their secondary structures: at 10 and 25 degrees C the CD spectra were indistinguishable, suggesting a similar overall structure, but as temperature increases up to 50-70 degrees C, the alpha-helices of CDA(Bpsy) unfolded almost completely, whereas its beta-structure and the aromatic amino acids core remained pretty stable. No significant differences were seen in the secondary structures of CDA(Bcald) with increase in temperature. Study holds ProTherm entries: 12768, 12769, 12770 Extra Details: circular dichroism; cytidine deaminase; extremophiles; thermostability

Submission Details

ID: S7FuhzC6

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:44 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Cambi A;Vincenzetti S;De Sanctis G;Neuhard J;Natalini P;Vita A,Protein Eng. (2001) Cytidine deaminase from two extremophilic bacteria: cloning, expression and comparison of their structural stability. PMID:11739901
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Cytidine deaminase Q9S3M0 CDD_SPOPS
100.0 Cytidine deaminase P19079 CDD_BACSU