Role of protein cavities on unfolding volume change and on internal dynamics under pressure.


Abstract

The effects of two single point cavity forming mutations, F110S and I7S, on the unfolding volume change (DeltaV(0)) of azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and on the internal dynamics of the protein fold under pressure were probed by the fluorescence and phosphorescence emission of Trp-48, deeply buried in the compact hydrophobic core of the macromolecule. Pressure-induced unfolding, monitored by the shift of the center of mass of the fluorescence spectrum, showed that DeltaV(0) is in the range of 60-70 mL/mol, not significantly different between cavity mutants and compact azurin species such as the wild-type and the mutant C3A/C26A, in which the superficial disulphide has been removed. The lack of extra volume in F110S and I7S proves that the engineered cavities, 40 A(3) in I7S and 100 A(3) in F110S, are filled with water molecules. Changes in flexibility of the protein matrix around the chromophore were monitored by the intrinsic phosphorescence lifetime (tau(0)). The application of pressure in the predenaturation range initially decreases the internal flexibility of azurin, the trend eventually reverting on approaching unfolding. The main difference between compact folds, wild-type and C3A/C26A, and cavity mutants is that the inversion point is powered from approximately 3 kbar to 1.5 kbar for F110S and <0.1 kbar for I7S, meaning that in the latter species pressure-induced internal hydration dominates very early over any compaction of the globular fold resulting from the reduction of internal free volume. The similar response between wild-type and the significantly less-stable C3A/C26A mutant suggests that thermodynamic stability per se is not the dominant factor regulating pressure-induced internal hydration of proteins. Study holds ProTherm entries: 22283, 22284, 22285, 22286 Extra Details: unfolding volume change; internal dynamics; pressure; hydrophobic core; cavity mutants

Submission Details

ID: Rj8rbZSa

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:53 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Cioni P,Biophys. J. (2006) Role of protein cavities on unfolding volume change and on internal dynamics under pressure. PMID:17038664
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1AG0 1997-03-26T00:00:00+0000 2.4 STRUCTURE OF CYS 112 ASP AZURIN FROM PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
1AZN 1994-05-27T00:00:00+0000 2.6 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE AZURIN MUTANT PHE114ALA FROM PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA AT 2.6 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1AZR 1993-03-04T00:00:00+0000 2.4 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA ZINC AZURIN MUTANT ASP47ASP AT 2.4 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1AZU 1980-08-04T00:00:00+0000 2.7 STRUCTURAL FEATURES OF AZURIN AT 2.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1BEX 1998-05-18T00:00:00+0000 2.3 STRUCTURE OF RUTHENIUM-MODIFIED PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA AZURIN
1CC3 1999-03-03T00:00:00+0000 1.65 PURPLE CUA CENTER
1E5Y 2000-08-04T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, reduced form, pH 5.5
1E5Z 2000-08-04T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, reduced form, pH 9.0
1E65 2000-08-08T00:00:00+0000 1.85 Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, apo form
1E67 2000-08-09T00:00:00+0000 2.14 Zn-Azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
99.2 Azurin B3EWN9 AZUR_PSEAI
100.0 Azurin P00282 AZUR_PSEAE