Previous studies have demonstrated that the potency and thermodynamic stability of human insulin are enhanced in concert by substitution of Thr(A8) by arginine or histidine. These surface substitutions stabilize the N-terminal alpha-helix of the A chain, a key element of hormone-receptor recognition. Does enhanced stability necessarily imply enhanced activity? Here, we test by structure-based mutagenesis the relationship between the stability and activity of the hormone. To circumvent confounding effects of insulin self-association, A chain analogs were combined with a variant B chain (Asp(B10), Lys(B28), and Pro(B29) (DKP)) to create a monomeric template. Five analogs were obtained by chain combination; disulfide pairing proceeded in each case with native yield. CD and (1)H NMR spectra of the DKP analogs are essentially identical to those of DKP-insulin, indicating a correspondence of structures. Receptor binding affinities were determined by competitive displacement of (125)I-insulin from human placental membranes. Thermodynamic stabilities were measured by CD titration; unfolding was monitored as a function of guanidine concentration. In this broader collection of analogs receptor binding affinities are uncorrelated with stability. We suggest that receptor binding affinities of A8 analogs reflect local features of the hormone-receptor interface rather than the stability of the free hormone or the intrinsic C-capping propensity of the A8 side chain. Study holds ProTherm entries: 12233 Extra Details: alpha-helix; hormone-receptor recognition; activity; self-association;,binding affinities
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:43 p.m.
|Number of data points||3|
|Proteins||Insulin ; Insulin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence A:GIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN/B:FVNQHLCGSHLVEALYLVCGERGFFYTPKT/C:GIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN/D:FVNQHLCGSHLVEALYLVCGERGFFYTPKT/E:GIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN/F:FVNQHLCGSHLVEALYLVCGERGFFYTPKT/G:GIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN/H:FVNQHLCGSHLVEALYLVCGERGFFYTPKT/I:GIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN/J:FVNQHLCGSHLVEALYLVCGERGFFYTPKT/K:GIVEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN/L:FVNQHLCGSHLVEALYLVCGERGFFYTPKT|