Effective biologic therapeutics require binding affinities that are fine-tuned to their disease-related molecular target. The ADAPT (Assisted Design of Antibody and Protein Therapeutics) platform aids in the selection of mutants that improve/modulate the affinity of antibodies and other biologics. It uses a consensus z-score from three scoring functions and interleaves computational predictions with experimental validation, significantly enhancing the robustness of the design and selection of mutants. The platform was tested on three antibody Fab-antigen systems that spanned a wide range of initial binding affinities: bH1-VEGF-A (44 nM), bH1-HER2 (3.6 nM) and Herceptin-HER2 (0.058 nM). Novel triple mutants were obtained that exhibited 104-, 46- and 32-fold improvements in binding affinity for each system, respectively. Moreover, for all three antibody-antigen systems over 90% of all the intermediate single and double mutants that were designed and tested showed higher affinities than the parent sequence. The contributions of the individual mutants to the change in binding affinity appear to be roughly additive when combined to form double and triple mutants. The new interactions introduced by the affinity-enhancing mutants included long-range electrostatics as well as short-range nonpolar interactions. This diversity in the types of new interactions formed by the mutants was reflected in SPR kinetics that showed that the enhancements in affinities arose from increasing on-rates, decreasing off-rates or a combination of the two effects, depending on the mutation. ADAPT is a very focused search of sequence space and required only 20-30 mutants for each system to be made and tested to achieve the affinity enhancements mentioned above.
Submitter: Shu-Ching Ou
Submission Date: Nov. 8, 2018, 4:53 p.m.
|Number of data points
|Herceptin-HER2 ; Receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-2 ; bH1-VEGF-A
|Experimental Assay: kon: Antibody-Antigen ; Experimental Assay: koff: Antibody-Antigen ; Derived Quantity: SD of ΔΔG ; Derived Quantity: ΔΔG ; Derived Quantity: KD_WT/KD_MUT ; Derived Quantity: SD of KD: Antibody-Antigen ; Derived Quantity: KD: Antibody-Antigen ; Derived Quantity: SD of koff: Antibody-Antigen ; Derived Quantity: SD of kon: Antibody-Antigen ; Computational Protocol: Z-score: scoring mutants
|Mutants of Herceptin-HER2 ; Mutants of bH1-HER2 ; Mutants of bH1-VEGF