Thermal stability and atomic-resolution crystal structure of the Bacillus caldolyticus cold shock protein.


Abstract

The bacterial cold shock proteins are small compact beta-barrel proteins without disulfide bonds, cis-proline residues or tightly bound cofactors. Bc-Csp, the cold shock protein from the thermophile Bacillus caldolyticus shows a twofold increase in the free energy of stabilization relative to its homolog Bs-CspB from the mesophile Bacillus subtilis, although the two proteins differ by only 12 out of 67 amino acid residues. This pair of cold shock proteins thus represents a good system to study the atomic determinants of protein thermostability. Bs-CspB and Bc-Csp both unfold reversibly in cooperative transitions with T(M) values of 49.0 degrees C and 77.3 degrees C, respectively, at pH 7.0. Addition of 0.5 M salt stabilizes Bs-CspB but destabilizes Bc-Csp. To understand these differences at the structural level, the crystal structure of Bc-Csp was determined at 1.17 A resolution and refined to R=12.5% (R(free)=17.9%). The molecular structures of Bc-Csp and Bs-CspB are virtually identical in the central beta-sheet and in the binding region for nucleic acids. Significant differences are found in the distribution of surface charges including a sodium ion binding site present in Bc-Csp, which was not observed in the crystal structure of the Bs-CspB. Electrostatic interactions are overall favorable for Bc-Csp, but unfavorable for Bs-CspB. They provide the major source for the increased thermostability of Bc-Csp. This can be explained based on the atomic-resolution crystal structure of Bc-Csp. It identifies a number of potentially stabilizing ionic interactions including a cation-binding site and reveals significant changes in the electrostatic surface potential. Study holds ProTherm entries: 8279, 8280 Extra Details: cold shock protein; Bacillus caldolyticus; thermal stability;,atomic-resolution crystal structure; electrostatic interactions

Submission Details

ID: RRRmeViP3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:35 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Mueller U;Perl D;Schmid FX;Heinemann U,J. Mol. Biol. (2000) Thermal stability and atomic-resolution crystal structure of the Bacillus caldolyticus cold shock protein. PMID:10736231
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1NMF 1996-07-11 MAJOR COLD-SHOCK PROTEIN, NMR, 20 STRUCTURES
1NMG 1996-07-11 MAJOR COLD-SHOCK PROTEIN, NMR, MINIMIZED AVERAGE STRUCTURE
2F52 2006-09-19 Solution structure of cold shock protein CspB from Bacillus subtilis in complex with heptathymidine
3PF4 2011-09-21 1.38 Crystal structure of Bs-CspB in complex with r(GUCUUUA)
3PF5 2011-09-21 1.68 Crystal structure of Bs-CspB in complex with rU6
2ES2 2006-09-05 1.78 Crystal Structure Analysis of the Bacillus Subtilis Cold Shock Protein Bs-CspB in Complex with Hexathymidine
2I5M 2007-05-22 2.3 Crystal structure of Bacillus subtilis cold shock protein CspB variant A46K S48R
1CSP 1995-05-12 2.45 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE BACILLUS SUBTILIS MAJOR COLD SHOCK PROTEIN, CSPB: A UNIVERSAL NUCLEIC-ACID BINDING DOMAIN
2I5L 2007-05-22 2.55 Crystal structure of Bacillus subtilis Cold Shock Protein variant Bs-CspB M1R/E3K/K65I
1CSQ 1995-05-12 2.7 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE BACILLUS SUBTILIS MAJOR COLD SHOCK PROTEIN, CSPB: A UNIVERSAL NUCLEIC-ACID BINDING DOMAIN

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
96.5 Cold shock protein CspB P41018 CSPB_SPOGL
92.3 Cold shock protein CspB Q816H3 CSPD_BACCR
92.3 Cold shock protein CspB Q81K90 CSPD_BACAN
100.0 Cold shock protein CspB P32081 CSPB_BACSU