The thermal denaturation of lysozyme was studied at pH 2 in aqueous mixtures of methanol, ethanol, and 1-propanol by high sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The most obvious effect of alcohols was the lowering of Td, the temperature of denaturation, increasingly with higher alcohol concentration and longer alkyl chain. Both the calorimetric and van't Hoff enthalpies of denaturation initially increased and then decreased with increasing alcohol concentration, the ratio of the two enthalpies being nearly unity, 1.007 +/- 0.011, indicating the validity of the two-state approximation for the unfolding of lysozyme in these solvent systems. The reversibility of the denaturation was demonstrated by the reversibility of the DSC curves and the complete recovery of enzymic activity on cooling. The changes in heat capacity on unfolding decreased with increasing alcohol concentration for each alcohol. Experimentally determined values of denaturation temperature and of entropy and heat capacity changes were used to derive the additional thermodynamic parameters delta G degrees and delta S degrees for denaturation as a function of temperature for each alcohol--water mixture. Comparison of the thermodynamic parameters with those reported [Pfeil, W., & Privalov, P.L. (1976) Biophys. Chem. 4, 23--50] in aqueous solution at various values of pH and guanidine hydrochloride concentration showed that these latter changes have no effect on the heat capacity changes, whereas the addition of alcohols causes a sharp decrease. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2997 Extra Details: lysozyme; denaturation temperature; thermodynamics; calorimetry,entropy; heat capacity change
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:20 p.m.
|Number of data points||4|
|Proteins||Lysozyme C ; Lysozyme C|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dCp ; Experimental Assay: dHcal ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: dHvH|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence KVFGRCELAAAMKRHGLDNYRGYSLGNWVCAAKFESNFNTQATNRNTDGSTDYGILQINSRWWCNDGRTPGSRNLCNIPCSALLSSDITASVNCAKKIVSDGNGMNAWVAWRNRCKGTDVQAWIRGCRL|