Buried, charged, non-ion-paired aspartic acid 76 contributes favorably to the conformational stability of ribonuclease T1.


Abstract

The side-chain carboxyl of Asp 76 in ribonuclease T1 (RNase T1) is buried, charged, non-ion-paired, and forms three good intramolecular hydrogen bonds (2.63, 2.69, and 2.89 A) and a 2.66 A hydrogen bond to a buried, conserved water molecule. When Asp 76 was replaced by Asn, Ser, and Ala, the conformational stability of the protein decreased by 3.1, 3.2, and 3.7 kcal/mol, respectively. The stability was measured as a function of pH for wild-type RNase T1 and the D76N mutant and showed that the pH dependence below pH 3 was almost entirely due to Asp 76. The pK of Asp 76 is 0.5 in the native state and 3.7 in the denatured state. Thus, the hydrogen bonding of the carboxyl group of Asp 76 contributes more than half of the net stability of RNase T1 at pH 7. In addition, the charged carboxyl of Asp 76 stabilizes structure in the denatured states of RNase T1 that is not present in D76N, D76S, and D76A. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5713, 5714, 5715, 5716, 5717, 5718, 5719, 5720, 5721, 5722, 5723, 5724, 5725, 5726, 5727, 5728, 5729, 5730, 14289, 14290, 14291 Extra Details: charged; non-ion-paired; intramolecular hydrogen bond;,conformational stability

Submission Details

ID: RLZ9R3mu3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:30 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Giletto A;Pace CN,Biochemistry (1999) Buried, charged, non-ion-paired aspartic acid 76 contributes favorably to the conformational stability of ribonuclease T1. PMID:10529213
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