Contribution of hydrophobic interactions to protein stability.


Abstract

A major factor in the folding of proteins is the burying of hydrophobic side chains. A specific example is the packing of alpha-helices on beta-sheets by interdigitation of nonpolar side chains. The contributions of these interactions to the energetics of protein stability may be measured by simple protein engineering experiments. We have used site-directed mutagenesis to truncate hydrophobic side chains at an alpha-helix/beta-sheet interface in the small ribonuclease from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (barnase). The decreases in stability of the mutant proteins were measured by their susceptibility to urea denaturation. Creation of a cavity the size of a -CH2-group destabilizes the enzyme by 1.1 kcal mol-1, and a cavity the size of three such groups by 4.0 kcal mol-1. Study holds ProTherm entries: 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962 Extra Details: dG and ddG were measured in the presence of 2.8M urea hydrophobic interactions; barnase; protein stability;,alpha-helices; beta-sheets; protein engineering

Submission Details

ID: RGFPFSiG

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Kellis JT;Nyberg K;Sali D;Fersht AR,Nature (1988) Contribution of hydrophobic interactions to protein stability. PMID:3386721
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1A2P 1998-01-07T00:00:00+0000 1.5 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT 1.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1B20 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 1.7 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT-BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B21 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B27 1998-12-04T00:00:00+0000 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2S 1998-11-30T00:00:00+0000 1.82 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2U 1998-12-01T00:00:00+0000 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2X 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 1.8 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 7.5 FROM A CRYO_COOLED CRYSTAL AT 100K
1B2Z 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.03 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B3S 1998-12-01T00:00:00+0000 2.39 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BAN 1993-05-19T00:00:00+0000 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.3 Ribonuclease P35078 RN_BACCI
100.0 Ribonuclease P00648 RNBR_BACAM