Calorimetric investigation of the domain structure of human complement Cl-s: reversible unfolding of the short consensus repeat units.


Abstract

Cl-s is a multidomain serine protease that participates in Ca2+-dependent protein-protein interactions with other subcomponents of Cl, the first component of human complement. Proteolytically derived fragments that retain some of the functional properties of the parent protein have been isolated, and their thermal stability has been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. Three endothermic transitions are observed in whole Cl-s near 37, 49, and 60 degrees C in 0.05 M Tris-HCl, pH 7.2, containing 0.22 M NaCl and 0.1 mM EDTA. The first (37 degrees C) and third (60 degrees C) transitions are also seen in Cl-s-A, a derivative comprised mainly of the intact nonenzymatic A chain. The second (49 degrees C) and third transitions are seen in Cl-s-gamma B, a fragment comprised of the intact B chain, disulfide linked to the C-terminal gamma region of the A chain. Thus, the first transition, which is alone stabilized by Ca2+, corresponds to the melting of the N-terminal alpha beta region of the A chain, the second to the melting of the catalytic B chain domain, and the third to the gamma region. The gamma region is comprised of two homologous short consensus repeat (SCR) motifs that are also found in several other complement and coagulation proteins. A new 24-kDa fragment, Cl-s-gamma, which contains these two SCRs, was isolated from plasmic and chymotryptic digests of Cl-s-A. Cl-s-gamma exhibits a reversible transition near 60 degrees C corresponding to the highest temperature peak in whole Cl-s and Cl-s-A.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 3835 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(0.1 mM), short consensus repeat units; multidomain serine protease;,endothermic transitions; folded domains

Submission Details

ID: R6pUyUVs3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:22 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Medved LV;Busby TF;Ingham KC,Biochemistry (1989) Calorimetric investigation of the domain structure of human complement Cl-s: reversible unfolding of the short consensus repeat units. PMID:2528372
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