Amyloid deposits are frequently formed by mutant proteins that have a lower stability than the wild-type proteins. Some reports, however, have shown that mutant-induced thermodynamic destabilization is not always a general mechanism of amyloid formation. To obtain a better understanding of the mechanism of amyloid fibril formation, we show in this study that equilibrium and kinetic refolding-unfolding reaction experiments with two amyloidogenic mutant human lysozymes (I56T and D67H) yield folding pathways that can be drawn as Gibbs energy diagrams. The equilibrium stabilities between the native and denatured states of both mutant proteins were decreased, but the degrees of instability were different. The Gibbs energy diagrams of the folding process reveal that the Gibbs energy change between the native and folding intermediate states was similar for both proteins, and also that the activation Gibbs energy change from the native state to the transition state decreased. Our results confirm that the tendency to favor the intermediate of denaturation facilitates amyloid formation by the mutant human lysozymes more than equilibrium destabilization between the native and completely denatured states does. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10837, 10838, 10839 Extra Details:
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:41 p.m.
|Number of data points||11|
|Proteins||Lysozyme C ; Lysozyme C|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Cm buffers:GdnHCl: 40 mM ; Experimental Assay: m buffers:GdnHCl: 40 mM ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O buffers:GdnHCl: 40 mM ; Experimental Assay: ddG_H2O ; Experimental Assay: Cm buffers:Gly-HCl: 40 mM ; Experimental Assay: m buffers:Gly-HCl: 40 mM ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O buffers:Gly-HCl: 40 mM|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence KVFERCELARTLKRLGMDGYRGISLANWMCLAKWESGYNTRATNYNAGDRSTDYGIFQINSRYWCNDGKTPGAVNACHLSCSALLQDNIADAVACAKRVVRDPQGIRAWVAWRNRCQNRDVRQYVQGCGV|