Multiple replacements at position 211 in the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase as a probe of the folding unit association reaction.


Abstract

Equilibrium and kinetic studies on the folding of a series of amino acid replacements at position 211 in the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase from Escherichia coli were performed in order to determine the role of this position in the rate-limiting step in folding. Previous studies [Beasty, A. M., Hurle, M. R., Manz, J. T., Stackhouse, T., Onuffer, J. J., & Matthews, C. R. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 2965-2974] have shown that the rate-limiting step corresponds to the association/dissociation of the amino (residues 1-188) and carboxy (residues 189-268) folding units. In terms of the secondary structure, the amino folding unit consists of the first six strands and five alpha helices of this alpha/beta barrel protein. The carboxy folding unit comprises the remaining two strands and three alpha helices; position 211 is in strand 7. Replacement of the wild-type glycine at position 211 with serine, valine, and tryptophan at most alters the rate of dissociation of the folding units; association is not changed significantly. In contrast, glutamic acid and arginine dramatically decelerate and accelerate, respectively, both association and dissociation. The difference in effects is attributed to long-range electrostatic interactions for these charged side chains; steric effects and/or hydrogen bonding play lesser roles. When considered with previous data on replacements at other positions in the alpha subunit [Hurle, M. R., Tweedy, N. B., & Matthews, C. R. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 6356-6360], it is clear that beta strands 6 (in the amino folding unit) and 7 (in the carboxy folding unit and containing position 211) dock late in the folding process. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3651, 3652, 3653, 3654, 3655, 3656, 3657, 3658, 3659, 3660, 3661, 3662, 3663, 3664, 3665, 3666 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(0.2 mM),transition is from native to intermediate,dG and ddG were measured in the presence of [urea]50%

Submission Details

ID: QqqRZULy3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:22 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Tweedy NB;Hurle MR;Chrunyk BA;Matthews CR,Biochemistry (1990) Multiple replacements at position 211 in the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase as a probe of the folding unit association reaction. PMID:2185841
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1XCF 2004-11-02 1.8 Crystal structure of P28L/Y173F tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli
1WQ5 2005-02-15 2.3 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli
1V7Y 2005-02-15 2.5 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli at room temperature
1XC4 2004-11-02 2.8 Crystal structure of wild-type tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LS20 TRPA_ESCF3
97.8 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7NVN0 TRPA_ECO7I
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1LH32 TRPA_ECOSM
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7N473 TRPA_ECOLU
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0TIB0 TRPA_ECOL5
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7MU99 TRPA_ECO81
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7UR66 TRPA_ECO27
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q1RCA7 TRPA_ECOUT
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A1AAN0 TRPA_ECOK1
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7ML76 TRPA_ECO45
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B5YZP0 TRPA_ECO5E
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8X7B5 TRPA_ECO57
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q32GT0 TRPA_SHIDS
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q3Z108 TRPA_SHISS
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0T5D6 TRPA_SHIF8
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q31ZV3 TRPA_SHIBS
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8FHW0 TRPA_ECOL6
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B2U0F1 TRPA_SHIB3
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZL78 TRPA_ECO24
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7L492 TRPA_ECO55
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B6I9X4 TRPA_ECOSE
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LY16 TRPA_ECO8A
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A878 TRPA_SHIFL
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A877 TRPA_ECOLI
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1ITJ5 TRPA_ECOLC
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZZJ6 TRPA_ECOHS
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1XBK9 TRPA_ECODH
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain C4ZTV3 TRPA_ECOBW