Intramolecular catalysis of a proline isomerization reaction in the folding of dihydrofolate reductase.


The cis/trans isomerization of the peptide bond preceding proline residues in proteins can limit the rate at which a protein folds to its native conformation. Mutagenic analyses of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) from Escherichia coli show that this isomerization reaction can be intramolecularly catalyzed by a side chain from an amino acid which is distant in sequence but adjacent in the native conformation. The guanidinium NH2 nitrogen of Arg 44 forms one hydrogen bond to the imide nitrogen and a second to the carbonyl oxygen of Pro 66 in wild-type DHFR. Replacement of Arg 44 with Leu results in a change of the nature of the two slow steps in refolding from being limited by the acquisition of secondary and/or tertiary structure to being limited by isomerization. The simultaneous replacement of Pro 66 with Ala (i.e., the Leu 44/Ala 66 double mutant) eliminates this isomerization reaction and once again makes protein folding the limiting process. Apparently, one or both of the hydrogen bonds between Arg 44 and Pro 66 accelerate the isomerization of the Gln 65-Pro 66 peptide bond. The replacement of Arg 44 with Leu affects the kinetics of the slow folding reactions in a fashion which indicates that the crucial hydrogen bonds form in the transition states for the rate-limiting steps in folding. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2126, 2127, 2128, 2129 Extra Details: additive : K2EDTA(0.2 mM), dihydrofolate reductase; proline isomerization; folding;,hydrogen bond; tertiary structure; conformation

Submission Details

ID: QMPjXroo3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Texter FL;Spencer DB;Rosenstein R;Matthews CR,Biochemistry (1992) Intramolecular catalysis of a proline isomerization reaction in the folding of dihydrofolate reductase. PMID:1610817
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ5 DYR_ECOL6
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ4 DYR_ECOLI
100.0 Dihydrofolate reductase P0ABQ6 DYR_SHIFL
96.2 Dihydrofolate reductase P31073 DYR_CITFR
91.8 Dihydrofolate reductase P31074 DYR_KLEAE