Thermodynamics of a beta-hairpin structure: evidence for cooperative formation of folding nucleus.


Abstract

To elucidate early nucleation stages in protein folding, multi-probed thermodynamic characterization was applied to the beta-hairpin structural formation of G-peptide, which is a C-terminal fragment of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G. The segment corresponding to the sequence of G-peptide is believed to act as a nucleus during the folding process of the B1 domain. In spite of the broad thermal transition of G-peptide, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) melting measurements combined with our original analytical theory enabled us to obtain the thermodynamic properties of the beta-hairpin formation with considerable accuracy. Additionally, all the thermodynamic properties determined by every NMR probe on both the main-chain and the side-chains were quite similar, and also comparable to the values that were independently determined by calorimetric analysis of G-peptide. These results demonstrate that G-peptide folds cooperatively throughout the molecule. In other words, the formation of the beta-hairpin is interpreted as the fashion of a first-order phase transition between two states without any distinguishable intermediates. This cooperative formation of the short linear peptide consisting of only 16 residues provides insight into not only the first folding events of the B1 domain, but also the general principles of proteins in terms of structural hierarchy, stability and folding mechanism. Study holds ProTherm entries: 6082, 6083, 6084, 6085, 6086, 6087, 6088, 6089, 6090, 6091, 6092, 6093, 6094, 6095, 6096, 6097 Extra Details: measurements were made on proton C(alpha)-H of Glu42 folding; nucleation; calorimetry; G-peptide; protein G

Submission Details

ID: PU6h8ThR3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:31 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Honda S;Kobayashi N;Munekata E,J. Mol. Biol. (2000) Thermodynamics of a beta-hairpin structure: evidence for cooperative formation of folding nucleus. PMID:10623525
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1EM7 2000-03-16T00:00:00+0000 2.0 HELIX VARIANT OF THE B1 DOMAIN FROM STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G
1GB1 1991-05-15T00:00:00+0000 0 A NOVEL, HIGHLY STABLE FOLD OF THE IMMUNOGLOBULIN BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G
1IGC 1994-08-05T00:00:00+0000 2.6 IGG1 FAB FRAGMENT (MOPC21) COMPLEX WITH DOMAIN III OF PROTEIN G FROM STREPTOCOCCUS
1IGD 1994-08-05T00:00:00+0000 1.1 THE THIRD IGG-BINDING DOMAIN FROM STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G: AN ANALYSIS BY X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF THE STRUCTURE ALONE AND IN A COMPLEX WITH FAB
1LE3 2002-04-09T00:00:00+0000 0 NMR Structure of Tryptophan Zipper 4: A Stable Beta-Hairpin Peptide Based on the C-terminal Hairpin of the B1 Domain of Protein G
1MPE 2002-09-12T00:00:00+0000 0 Ensemble of 20 structures of the tetrameric mutant of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G
1MVK 2002-09-25T00:00:00+0000 2.5 X-ray structure of the tetrameric mutant of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G
1PGA 1993-11-23T00:00:00+0000 2.07 TWO CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE B1 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON WITH NMR
1PGB 1993-11-23T00:00:00+0000 1.92 TWO CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE B1 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCCOCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON WITH NMR
1PGX 1992-04-03T00:00:00+0000 1.66 THE 1.66 ANGSTROMS X-RAY STRUCTURE OF THE B2 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON TO THE NMR STRUCTURE OF THE B1 DOMAIN

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G P19909 SPG2_STRSG
100.0 Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G P06654 SPG1_STRSG