The phase transition between a compact denatured state and a random coil state in staphylococcal nuclease is first-order.


Abstract

Three mutants of staphylococcal nuclease containing a tryptophan substitution have been examined in the full length (149 residues) protein and in a large fragment (residues 1 to 136). The large fragments are not in the native state and are a good model of the denatured state. However, these large fragments do show signs of residual structure that breaks down upon titration with guanidine hydrochloride. They share some similarities with what has become known as the molten globule state. The thermal unfolding of these mutant fragments was followed by tryptophan fluorescence. Tryptophan fluorescence was treated as an order parameter and analyzed to determine the order of the observed transition. The critical exponent of the order parameter as the transition temperature is approached is significantly higher than the value of 1/2 predicted by mean field theory for a second-order transition and is similar to that observed for the transition of the full length, wild-type, protein. This is strong evidence that the breakdown of this intermediate compact denatured state is a cooperative, first-order phenomenon. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2752, 2753, 2754, 2755, 2756, 2757, 2758, 2759, 3100, 3101, 3102, 3103 Extra Details: Staphylococcal Nuclease; protein folding; phase transition;,denatured state; molten globule

Submission Details

ID: P5eAXiKs

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:19 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Gittis AG;Stites WE;Lattman EE,J. Mol. Biol. (1993) The phase transition between a compact denatured state and a random coil state in staphylococcal nuclease is first-order. PMID:8355268
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
4WRD 2014-10-23T00:00:00+0000 1.65 Crystal structure of Staphylcoccal nulease variant Delta+PHS V66E L125E at cryogenic temperature
3QOL 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23E at pH 6 determined at 100 K
3QOJ 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.6 Cryogenic structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23K
3R3O 2011-03-16T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS T62A at cryogenic temperature and with high redundancy
3MVV 2010-05-04T00:00:00+0000 1.72 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS F34A at cryogenic temperature
2OXP 2007-02-20T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal Structure of Staphylococcal Nuclease mutant V66D/P117G/H124L/S128A
2LKV 2011-10-21T00:00:00+0000 0 Staphylococcal Nuclease PHS variant
3D4W 2008-05-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS A109R at cryogenic temperature
2M00 2012-10-14T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution structure of staphylococcal nuclease E43S mutant in the presence of ssDNA and Cd2+
3D8G 2008-05-23T00:00:00+0000 1.99 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS I72R at cryogenic temperature

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU