Hydrogen exchange in unligated and ligated staphylococcal nuclease.


The exchange kinetics of over 70% of the 143 backbone amide hydrogens in staphylococcal nuclease H124L (nuclease H124L), both in its unligated state and in its ternary complex with Ca2+ and thymidine 3',5'-bisphosphate, have been quantified by nitrogen-15 resolved proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Protection factors for the slowly exchanging hydrogens in unligated nuclease H124L at 37 degrees C and pH 5.5 were found to vary by over one order of magnitude. This range of protection factors has been interpreted in the framework of global and local structural fluctuations. The three most highly protected hydrogens (K24, L25, M26) map to strand 2 of the central five-stranded beta-barrel. The free energy change for the opening reaction which exposes these hydrogens to the solvent (delta G(degree)op) was calculated from the exchange rates in the native and denatured states, the latter values being estimated from model peptide exchange studies [Molday, R. S., Englander, S. W., & Kallen, R. G. (1972) Biochemistry 11, 150-158]. Close agreement was found between delta G(degree)op and delta G(degree)u, the free energy change of unfolding as measured by urea denaturation experiments. Exchange of these hydrogens thus appears to occur via global unfolding of the protein. One region exhibited somewhat lower protection factors: it mapped to the C-terminal portions of helix 2 and helix 3 and to part of the intervening segment. This region has been identified as a minor hydrophobic domain of nuclease [Shortle, D., Stites, W. E., & Meeker, A. K. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 8033-8041].(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 4623, 4624 Extra Details: structural fluctuations; five-stranded beta-barre;,cis<->trans isomerization; hydrogen-bonded; hydrogen exchange

Submission Details

ID: NygitDaD

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:26 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Loh SN;Prehoda KE;Wang J;Markley JL,Biochemistry (1993) Hydrogen exchange in unligated and ligated staphylococcal nuclease. PMID:8218167
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR