Antithrombin III Utah: proline-407 to leucine mutation in a highly conserved region near the inhibitor reactive site.


Abstract

A dysfunctional antithrombin III (ATIII) gene encoding a qualitatively and quantitatively abnormal anticoagulant molecule is responsible for hereditary thrombosis in a Utah kindred [Bock et al. (1985) Am. J. Hum. Genet. 37, 32-41]. Nucleotide sequencing of the entire protein-encoding portion of the cloned ATIII-Utah gene revealed a C to T transitional mutation which converts proline-407 to leucine. Proline-407 is located 14 amino acids C-terminal to the reactive site arginine of ATIII in a core region of the molecule that has been highly conserved during evolution of the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) gene family. The location of this proline in the crystal structure of the homologous serpin alpha 1-antitrypsin suggests that the leucine substitution in ATIII-Utah may interfere with correct folding of the mutant gene product, leading to its rapid turnover and the low antithrombin levels observed in patient plasmas. The Pro-407 to Leu mutation does not interfere with binding of antithrombin III to heparin. Patient antithrombin III, isolated by affinity chromatography on heparin-Sepharose, was reacted with purified thrombin. ATIII encoded by the patient's normal gene formed protease-inhibitor complexes with thrombin, whereas the product of the ATIII-Utah gene did not. The Pro-407 to Leu mutation destroys a restriction site for the enzyme StuI, permitting rapid diagnosis of affected members of the Utah kindred by Southern blotting of genomic DNA. Study holds ProTherm entries: 742, 743, 744, 745, 746, 747, 748, 749, 13376, 13377, 13378, 13379, 13380, 13381 Extra Details:

Submission Details

ID: Nik2QxjH

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:15 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Bock SC;Marrinan JA;Radziejewska E,Biochemistry (1988) Antithrombin III Utah: proline-407 to leucine mutation in a highly conserved region near the inhibitor reactive site. PMID:3191114
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