Significantly different m values (1.9-2.7 kcal mol-1 M-1) were observed for point mutations at a single, solvent-exposed site (T53) in a variant of the B1 domain of streptococcal Protein G using guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl) as a denaturant. This report focuses on elucidating the energetic and structural implications of these m-value differences in two Protein G mutants, containing Ala and Thr at position 53. These two proteins are representative of the high (m+) and low (m-) m-value mutants studied. Differential scanning calorimetry revealed no evidence of equilibrium intermediates. A comparison of GuHCl denaturation monitored by fluorescence and circular dichroism showed that secondary and tertiary structure denatured concomitantly. The rates of folding (286 S-1 for the m+ mutant and 952 S-1 for the m- mutant) and the rates of unfolding (11 S-1 for m+ mutant and 3 S-1 for the m- mutant) were significantly different, as determined by stopped-flow fluorescence. The relative solvation free energies of the transition states were identical for the two proteins (alpha ++ = 0.3). Small-angle X-ray scattering showed that the radius of gyration of the denatured state (Rgd) of the m+ mutant did not change with increasing denaturant concentrations (Rgd approximately 23 A); whereas, the Rgd of the m- mutant increased from approximately 17 A to 23 A with increasing denaturant concentration. The results indicate that the mutations exert significant effects in both the native and GuHCl-induced denatured state of these two proteins.
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: Aug. 1, 2017, 12:31 p.m.
|Number of data points||55|
|Proteins||Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m-value ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: k_folding ; Experimental Assay: ∆Cp ; Experimental Assay: ∆H of unfolding ; Experimental Assay: k_unfolding ; Experimental Assay: ∆G|
|Libraries||Surface point mutations that significantly alter the structure and stability of a protein's denatured state|