Onconase (ONC) from Rana pipiens is the smallest member of the ribonuclease A (RNase A) superfamily. Despite a tertiary structure similar to RNase A, ONC is distinguished by an extremely high thermodynamic stability. In the present paper we have probed the significance of three structural regions, which exhibit structural peculiarities in comparison to RNase A, for the stability of ONC to temperature and guanidine hydrochloride induced denaturation: (i) the N-terminal pyroglutamate residue, (ii) the hydrophobic cluster between helix I and the first beta-sheet, and (iii) the C-terminal disulfide bond. For this purpose, the enzyme variants <E1E-, <E1P-, F28T-, F28A-, F36Y-, and C87A/C104A-ONC were produced and studied in equilibrium and kinetic measurements. The destabilizing influence of the mutations strongly depended on the modified structural region. The exchanges of the N-terminal pyroglutamate (<E1E- and <E1P-ONC) had the smallest impact (DeltaDeltaG([D])50% = 4.2 and 7.0 kJ mol(-)(1)), while interferences in the hydrophobic cluster (F28T-, F28A-, and F36Y-ONC) had larger effects (DeltaDeltaG([D])50% = 22.2, 20.9, and 19.5 kJ mol(-)(1)). The removal of the C-terminal disulfide bond (C87A/C104A-ONC) showed the largest influence on stability (DeltaDeltaG([D])50% = 32.0 kJ mol(-)(1)). As concluded from the comparison of DeltaDeltaG([D])50% and DeltaDeltaG++(U)[D]50%, all destabilization effects were exclusively caused by increased unfolding rate constants except for C87A/C104A-ONC, where unfolding as well as folding was impacted. Of all amino acid residues investigated, Phe28, which is unique for ONC among the ribonucleases, had the greatest importance for rate of unfolding. Our data on the folding and unfolding kinetics indicate that the strong stabilization of ONC in comparison to RNase A is caused by a dramatic deceleration of the unfolding reaction. Study holds ProTherm entries: 19905, 19906, 19907, 19908, 19909, 19910, 19911, 19912, 19913, 19914 Extra Details: hydrophobic cluster; disulfide bond; unfolding kinetics
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:52 p.m.
|Number of data points||23|
|Proteins||Protein P-30 ; Protein P-30|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: ddG_H2O ; Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: activity ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Derived Quantity: dTm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence EDWLTFQKKHITNTRDVDCDNIMSTNLFHCKDKNTFIYSRPEPVKAICKGIIASKNVLTTSEFYLSDCNVTSRPCKYKLKKSTNKFCVTCENQAPVHFVGVGSC|