Protein stability: urea-induced versus guanidine-induced unfolding of metmyoglobin.


Abstract

We have studied the denaturation of metmyoglobin at pH 6.0 and 25 degrees C by urea and guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) which are known to unfold the protein to the same extent. It has been observed that estimates of protein stability (delta G0N-U) from urea-induced and GdnHCl-induced denaturations do not agree with one another; the linear extrapolation method gave delta G0N-U values of 7.59 +/- 0.33 and 5.35 +/- 0.10 kcal mol-1 for urea and GdnHCl denaturations, respectively. Measurements of the effect of the addition of KCl in the concentration range 0.1-1.0 M to urea denaturation have suggested that this disagreement is not due to the nonionic and ionic characters of urea and GdnHCl, respectively. The functional dependence of the free energy change of unfolding (delta GN-U) on [denaturant], the molar concentration of the denaturant, has been investigated for understanding the cause(s) of the disagreement between the two estimates of delta G0N-U of metmyoglobin. For this purpose, we have studied the GdnHCl-induced denaturation of the protein in the presence of different urea concentrations at pH 6.0 and 25 degrees C and vice versa. These measurements yield delta GN-U values in the full concentration range [Ahmad et al. (1994) J. Biochem. 115, 322-327], and these results provide strong evidence that the delta GN-U dependence on [urea] is linear (linear free energy model of denaturation) and the relation between delta GN-U and [GdnHCl] is curved (binding model of denaturation). It has been observed that the extrapolated value of delta GN-U in urea using the linear free energy model becomes identical to the extrapolated value of delta GN-U in GdnHCl using the binding model. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4883, 4884 Extra Details: ionic characters; concentration range; linear free energy model;,binding model

Submission Details

ID: LnrgYM5R3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:27 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Gupta R;Yadav S;Ahmad F,Biochemistry (1996) Protein stability: urea-induced versus guanidine-induced unfolding of metmyoglobin. PMID:8794776
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