Relationship between local structure and stability in hen egg white lysozyme mutant with alanine substituted for glycine.


We prepared five mutant lysozymes in which glycines whose dihedral angles are located in the region of the left-handed helix, Gly49, Gly67, Gly71, Gly102 and Gly117, were mutated to an alanine residue. From analyses of their thermal stabilities using differential scanning calorimetry, most of them were more destabilized than the native lysozyme, except for the G102A mutant, which has a stability similar to that of the native lysozyme at pH 2.7. As for the destabilized mutant lysozymes, their X-ray crystallographic analyses showed that their global structures did not change but that the local structures changed slightly. By examining the dihedral angles at the mutation sites based on X-ray crystallographic results, it was found that the dihedral angles at these mutation sites tended to adopt favorable values in a Ramachandran plot and that the extent and direction of their shifts from the original value had similar tendencies. Therefore, the change in dihedral angles may be the cause of the slight local structural changes around the mutation site. On the other hand, regarding the mutation of G102A, the global structure was almost identical with that of the native structure but the local structure was drastically changed. Therefore, it was suggested that the drastic local conformational change might be effective in releasing the unfavorable interaction of the native state at the mutation site. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10287, 10288, 10289, 10290, 10291, 10292, 14560, 14561, 14562, 14563, 14564 Extra Details:

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:40 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Masumoto K;Ueda T;Motoshima H;Imoto T,Protein Eng. (2000) Relationship between local structure and stability in hen egg white lysozyme mutant with alanine substituted for glycine. PMID:11112507
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Lysozyme C P00698 LYSC_CHICK
96.9 Lysozyme C P00700 LYSC_COLVI
96.9 Lysozyme C P00699 LYSC_CALCC
96.9 Lysozyme C Q7LZQ0 LYSC_CATWA
96.9 Lysozyme C Q7LZP9 LYSC_LOPIM
96.1 Lysozyme C Q7LZI3 LYSC_TRASA
95.3 Lysozyme C P00701 LYSC_COTJA
96.1 Lysozyme C P19849 LYSC_PAVCR
95.3 Lysozyme C P22910 LYSC_CHRAM
95.3 Lysozyme C Q7LZT2 LYSC_TRATE
95.2 Lysozyme C P00703 LYSC_MELGA
92.2 Lysozyme C P00704 LYSC_NUMME
93.0 Lysozyme C P24364 LYSC_LOPLE
94.6 Lysozyme C P24533 LYSC_SYRRE
93.2 Lysozyme C P00702 LYSC_PHACO
93.0 Lysozyme C P81711 LYSC_SYRSO
92.3 Lysozyme C P49663 LYSC_PHAVE