Role of arginine 67 in the stabilization of chymotrypsin inhibitor 2: examination of amide proton exchange rates and denaturation thermodynamics of an engineered protein.


Abstract

We have examined the contribution to protein stability of an interaction involving a charged hydrogen bond from an arginyl side chain (Arg67) in the serine proteinase inhibitor chymotrypsin inhibitor 2 (CI-2), by replacing this side chain with an alanyl residue by protein engineering. Using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), we have examined the effect of this mutation on the hydrogen-deuterium exchange rates of several backbone amide protons in the native and engineered proteins at 50 degrees C. These exchange rates provide a localized probe at multiple discrete sites throughout the protein and from comparison of native and mutant exchange rates allow calculation of the difference in free energy of exchange (delta delta Gex) resulting from the mutation. The results show that for the majority of amides observed this mutation results in delta delta Gex of ca. 1.7 kcal mol-1 over the whole CI-2 molecule. However, for two relatively exposed amide protons the exchange rates are found to be far less perturbed, implying that local unfolding mechanisms predominate for these protons. Direct measurement of the stability of both proteins to denaturation by guanidinum hydrochloride shows that the interaction contributes 1.4 kcal mol-1 to the stability of the molecule. This value is comparable to those obtained from the NMR exchange measurements and indicates that the exchange processes reflect the differences in stability between the native and mutant proteins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 3988, 3989 Extra Details: hydrogen bond; protein engineering; exchange rates;,local unfolding mechanisms; cooperative folding unit

Submission Details

ID: LNCaQKwh

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:24 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Jandu SK;Ray S;Brooks L;Leatherbarrow RJ,Biochemistry (1990) Role of arginine 67 in the stabilization of chymotrypsin inhibitor 2: examination of amide proton exchange rates and denaturation thermodynamics of an engineered protein. PMID:2207072
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1CIS 1993-10-31 CONTEXT DEPENDENCE OF PROTEIN SECONDARY STRUCTURE FORMATION. THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE AND STABILITY OF A HYBRID BETWEEN CHYMOTRYPSIN INHIBITOR 2 AND HELIX E FROM SUBTILISIN CARLSBERG
3CI2 1993-10-31 REFINEMENT OF THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF BARLEY SERINE PROTEINASE INHIBITOR 2 AND COMPARISON WITH THE STRUCTURES IN CRYSTALS
1CIR 1996-01-29 COMPLEX OF TWO FRAGMENTS OF CI2 [(1-40)(DOT)(41-64)]
1LW6 2002-08-21 1.5 Crystal Structure of the Complex of Subtilisin BPN' with Chymotrypsin Inhibitor 2 at 1.5 Angstrom Resolution
1YPC 1994-01-31 1.7 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
1CQ4 1998-11-25 1.8 CI2 MUTANT WITH TETRAGLUTAMINE (MGQQQQGM) REPLACING MET59
5FFN 2016-05-18 1.8 Complex of subtilase SubTY from Bacillus sp. TY145 with chymotrypsin inhibitor CI2A
5FBZ 2016-05-18 1.9 Structure of subtilase SubHal from Bacillus halmapalus - complex with chymotrypsin inhibitor CI2A
1YPB 1994-01-31 2.0 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
1YPA 1994-01-31 2.0 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
2CI2 1988-09-07 2.0 CRYSTAL AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF THE SERINE PROTEINASE INHIBITOR CI-2 FROM BARLEY SEEDS
2SNI 1988-09-07 2.1 STRUCTURAL COMPARISON OF TWO SERINE PROTEINASE-PROTEIN INHIBITOR COMPLEXES. EGLIN-C-SUBTILISIN CARLSBERG AND CI-2-SUBTILISIN NOVO
1CIQ 1996-03-08 2.2 COMPLEX OF TWO FRAGMENTS OF CI2, RESIDUES 1-40 AND 41-64
1COA 1994-01-31 2.2 THE EFFECT OF CAVITY CREATING MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORE OF CHYMOTRYPSIN INHIBITOR 2

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
92.6 Subtilisin-chymotrypsin inhibitor-2A P08626 ICI3_HORVU
100.0 Subtilisin-chymotrypsin inhibitor-2A P01053 ICI2_HORVU